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fighting ships of the world

KRIEGSMARINE (GERMANY)

TORPEDO SHIPS

"1936A" type destroyers (1940-1941)

Z23 1940

Z26 1941

Z28 1941

Z24 1942

Z30 1942

Z25 1945

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Z23 957 Deschimag, Bremen 11/1938 14/12/1939 9/1940 CTL 12/8/1944
Z24 958 Deschimag, Bremen 1/1939 7/3/1940 10/1940 sunk 24/8/1944
Z25 959 Deschimag, Bremen 2/1939 16/3/1940 11/1940 surrendered 5/1945, to UK 1/1946, to France 2/1946 (Hoche)
Z26 960 Deschimag, Bremen 4/1939 2/4/1940 1/1941 sunk 29/3/1942
Z27 961 Deschimag, Bremen 12/1939 1/8/1940 2/1941 sunk 28/12/1943
Z28 962 Deschimag, Bremen 11/1939 20/8/1940 8/1941 sunk 6/3/1945
Z29 963 Deschimag, Bremen 3/1940 15/10/1940 7/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to USA 1/1946, scuttled 16/12/1946
Z30 964 Deschimag, Bremen 4/1940 8/12/1940 11/1941 surrendered 5/1945, to UK 1/1946, scuttled

  

Displacement standard, t

Z23, 24, : 2603

Z25 - 27: 2543

Z28: 2596

Z29, 30: 2657

Displacement full, t

Z23, 24: 3605

Z25 - 27: 3543

Z28: 3519

Z29 - 30: 3691

Length, m

121.9 wl 127.0 oa

Breadth, m

12.0

Draught, m

3.92 - 4.62

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Deschimag geared steam turbines, 6 Wagner boilers

Power, h. p.

70000

Max speed, kts

36

Fuel, t

Z23 - 27: oil 791

Z28: oil 804

Z29, 30: oil 825

Endurance, nm(kts)

Z23 - 27: 2500(19)

Z28: 2900(19)

Z29, 30: 2950(19)

Armament

4 x 1 - 149/46 Tbts KC/36, 2 x 2 - 37/80 SK C/30, 5 x 1 - 20/65 C/38, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 60 mines

Sensors FuMO 21 radar

Complement

320 - 332

Ship project history: After cessation of work over the project of oceangoing destroyer type 1937 German naval chiefs returned to successful type 1936, having solved to strengthen fire power. Transition to the 150mm artillery became a result, and two guns should take places in a turret mount. General arrangement and machinery structure repeated a prototype. The hull form has been improved (Atlantic bow and bulb), and instead of one two rudders were fitted in screws streams that has significantly improved manoeuvrability. Availability of turrets strongly lagged behind building of the ships, therefore all destroyers were commissioned with four 150mm guns. Replacement of fwd gun by twin turret has led to seaworthiness deterioration. Z28 was completed under the individual project as the leader and differed by superfiring arrangement of fwd guns (thanks to what she has appeared the most seaworthy among all series), and also the additional accommodation block on an aft superstructure. Unlike predecessors, destroyers of type 1936 have not named, but informally concerned to Narvik class.

Modernizations: 6/1942, Z23; 9/1942, Z25; 12/1942, Z24: - 1 x 1 - 149/46; + 1 x 2 - 149/46 Tbts KC/36T

1942, all: + 1 x 4 - 20/65 C/38

early 1943, Z23 - 25, 27, 29, 30: + 1 x 4 - 20/65 C/38

early 1943, Z28: + 2 x 1 - 20/65 C/38

6/1944, Z24: - 2 x 1 - 20/65; + 2 x 4 - 20/65 C/38

early 1945, Z25: - 1 x 1 - 149/46, 5 x 1 - 20/65; + 6 x 1 - 37/57 FlaK M/43, 4 x 2 - 20/65 C/38

early 1945, Z28: - 5 x 1 - 20/65; + 6 x 1 - 37/57 FlaK M/43, 2 x 2 - 20/65 C/38

early 1945, Z29: - 2 x 1 - 149/46, 2 x 2 - 37/80, 5 x 1 - 20/65; + 1 x 2 - 149/46 SK C/36, 4 x 2 - 37/69 FlaK M/42, 1 x 1 - 37/57 FlaK M/43, 4 x 2 - 20/65 C/38

early 1945, Z30: - 1 x 4 - 20/65, 3 x 1 - 20/65; + 3 x 1 - 37/57 FlaK M/43, 4 x 2 - 20/65 C/38

Naval service: Z26 was lost 29/3/1942 in battle against British cruiser Trinidad and destroyer Eclipse in Barents sea. Z27 was lost 28/12/1943 in battle against British light cruisers Glasgow and Enterprise in Bay of Biscay. Z23 was damaged 12/8/1944 by British aircraft at Western coast of France, stricken 20/8/1944 and broken up ultimately in 1951. Z24 was sunk 24/8/1944 by British aircraft in a mouth of Gironde. Z28 was sunk 6/3/1945 by British aircraft at Sassnitz. Z30 was damaged 20/10/1944 on a mine in Oslo-fjord, repair is not completed till the end of war; she was broken up in 1948. Z25 in 1946 was transferred to France as ch and BU in 1958.

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14