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VICTORIA LOUISE large protected cruisers (1898 - 1899)


Photo



Hansa 1900s  

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Victoria Louise   116 Weser, Bremen 1895 29.3.1897 20.2.1899 TS 1908, minelayer / barrack ship 1915, discarded 10.1919
Hertha   233 Vulcan, Stettin 1895 14.4.1897 23.7.1898 TS 1908, barrack ship 1915
Freya     Danzig KW 1895 27.4.1897 20.10.1898 TS 1907, discarded 1.1920
Vineta     Danzig KW 1896 9.12.1897 13.9.1899 test ship 1908, TS 1911, barrack ship 1915
Hansa   235 Vulcan, Stettin 1896 12.3.1898 20.4.1899 TS 1909, barrack ship 1915


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

Victoria Louise, Hertha, Freya: 5660

Vineta, Hansa: 5885

Displacement full, t

Victoria Louise, Hertha, Freya: 6491

Vineta, Hansa: 6705

Length, m

Victoria Louise, Hertha, Freya: 110.6 oa 109.1 wl

Vineta, Hansa: 110.5 oa 109.8 wl

Breadth, m

Victoria Louise, Hertha, Freya: 17.4

Vineta, Hansa: 17.6

Draught, m

Victoria Louise: 6.58 mean 6.93 deep load

Hertha: 6.58 mean 6.78 deep load

Freya: 6.74 mean 6.77 deep load

Vineta, Hansa: 7.08 mean 7.34 deep load

No of shafts

3

Machinery

Victoria Louise, Vineta: 3 VTE, 12 Dürr boilers

Hertha: 3 VTE, 12 Belleville boilers

Freya: 3 VTE, 12 Niclausse boilers

Hansa: 3 VTE, 18 Belleville boilers

Power, h. p.

10000

Max speed, kts

Victoria Louise, Hertha, Freya: 19.5

Vineta, Hansa: 18.5

Fuel, t

coal 950

Endurance, nm(kts)

3412(12)

Armour, mmdeck: 40 with 100mm slopes, turrets: 100 - 30, casemates: 100, CT: 150
Armament

2 x 1 - 209/37 SK L/40 C/97, 8 x 1 - 149/37 SK L/40 C/97, 10 x 1 - 88/27 SK L/30 C/89, 10 x 1 - 7.9/79, 3 - 450 TT (1 bow, 2 beam)

Complement

477



Standard scale images


<i>Victoria Louise </i>1898
Victoria Louise 1898


Graphics


<i>Hansa </i>1900s  
Hansa 1900s  


Project history

These protected cruisers show distinct affinities with contemporary German battleship designs, with fewer guns, more speed, and only a 100mm protective deck amidships, and die same protection for the turrets. They also introduced the rather massive appearance and the combined clipper and ram bow which were to mark the classes of German heavy cruiser up to the 1907 Scharnhorst. These ships, and their immediate successors, were rather top-heavy.

Ship protection

Protective deck was 40mm thick amidships and had 100mm slopes. CT had 150mm sides and 30mm roof. 21cm and 15cm turrets had 100m sides and 30mm crowns, casemates were protected by 100mm sides and 70mm bulkheads.

Modernizations

1906, Victoria Louise; 1907, Freya; 1908, Hertha; 1909, Hansa; 1911, Vineta: boilers were replaced by 8 Marine, three funnels were replaced by two, the original tower foremast and fighting top were replaced by an ordinary pole mast; - 2 x 1 - 149/37, 10 x 1 - 7.9/79; + 1 x 1 - 88/27 SK L/30 C/89, 3 x 1 - 88/32 SK L/35 C/01

1916, Freya: was armed with 1 x 1 - 149/37 SK L/40 C/97, 4 x 1 - 105/42 SK L/45 C/11, 14 x 1 - 88/27 (SK L/30 C/89 and 88/32 SK L/35 C/01)

Naval service

In 1916 all the ships were disarmed and used for accommodation, except for Freya, employed as a schoolship, which retained armament. Victoria Louise underwent the unusual transformation in 1920 of conversion to the cargo ship Flora Sommerfeld for a Danzig Firm. She did not last long in her new guise, being broken up in 1923.