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fighting ships of the world

KRIEGSMARINE (GERMANY)

CONVERTED MERCHANT SHIPS

armed merchant cruisers of WW II

HSK1 Orion 1940

Orion 1941

HSK2 Atlantis 1940

HSK4 Thor 1940

HSK5 Pinguin 1940

Pinguin 1941

HSK6 Stier 1942

HSK7 Komet 1940

HSK8 Kormoran 1941

HSK9 Michel 1942

HSK10 Coronel 1942

Schiff 5

Name

Launched // Comm.

Builder

Tonnage, BRT (disp., t)

Dimensions, m

(length pp)

Speed, kts

Engine, Power hp

Armament

Fate

HSK1 Orion (Schiff 36) (ex-Kurmark), 1/1944- Hektor, 3/1945- Orion 27/3/1930 // 12/1939 Blohm & Voss, Hamburg 7021 (15700) 148.0x18.6x8.2 14 geared steam turbine, 4 boilers, 6200 6 x 1 - 149/42, 1 x 1 - 75/32, 1 x 2 - 37/80, 4 x 1 - 20/65, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 228 mines, 1 seaplane (Ar 196) repair ship 1942, TS 1/1944, sunk 4/5/1945
HSK2 Atlantis (Schiff 16) (ex-Goldenfels) 16/12/1937 // 12/1939 Bremer Vulkan 7862 (17600) 155.0x18.7x8.7 16 2 diesels, 7600 6 x 1 - 149/42, 1 x 1 - 75/32, 1 x 2 - 37/80, 4 x 1 - 20/65, 4 x 1 - 533 TT, 92 mines, 2 seaplanes (He 114) sunk 22/11/1941
HSK3 Widder (Schiff 21) (ex-Neumark) 21/12/1929 // 11/1939 Howaldtswerke, Kiel 7851 (16800) 152.0x18.2x8.3 14 geared steam turbine, 4 boilers, 6200 6 x 1 - 149/42, 1 x 1 - 75/32, 1 x 2 - 37/80, 4 x 1 - 20/65, 2 x 2 - 533 TT, 2 seaplanes (He 114) repair ship 1941
HSK4 Thor (Schiff 10) (ex-Santa Cruz) 16/3/1938 // 3/1940 Deutsche Werft, Hamburg 3862 (9200) 122.0x16.7x7.1 18 geared steam turbine, 2 boilers, 6500 6 x 1 - 149/42, 1 x 1 - 60/18, 1 x 2 - 37/80, 4 x 1 - 20/65, 2 x 2 - 533 TT, 30 mines, 1 seaplane (Ar 196) explosion 30/11/1942
HSK5 Pinguin (Schiff 33) (ex-Kandelfels) 12/11/1936 // 2/1940 Weser, Bremen 7766 (17600) 155.0x18.7x8.7 17 diesel, 7600 6 x 1 - 149/42, 1 x 1 - 75/32, 1 x 2 - 37/80, 4 x 1 - 20/65, 2 x 1 - 533 TT, 300 mines, 2 seaplanes (He 114) sunk 8/5/1941
HSK6 Stier (Schiff 23) (ex-Cairo) 7/10/1936 // 11/1941 Germaniawerft, Kiel 4778 (11000) 133.0x17.3x7.2 14 diesel, 3750 6 x 1 - 149/46, 1 x 2 - 37/80, 4 x 1 - 20/65, 2 - 533 TT (beam), 2 seaplanes (Ar 196) sunk 27/9/1942
HSK7 Komet (Schiff 45) (ex-Ems) 16/1/1937 // 6/1940 Deschimag, Bremen 3287 (7500) 115.0x15.3x6.5 14.8 2 diesels (1 shaft), 3900 6 x 1 - 149/42, 1 x 1 - 60/18, 1 x 2 - 37/80, 4 x 1 - 20/65, 2 x 2 - 533 TT, 2 - 533 TT (beam), 30 mines, 2 seaplanes (Ar 196), 1 MTB (LS2) sunk 14/10/1942
HSK8 Kormoran (Schiff 41) (ex-Steiermark) 15/9/1938 // 10/1940 Germaniawerft, Kiel 8736 (19900) 164.0x20.2x8.5 18 4 diesel-generators, 2 electric motors, 16000 6 x 1 - 149/42, 2  x 1 - 37/46, 5 x 1 - 20/65, 2 x 2 - 533 TT, 2 - 533 TT (beam), 360 mines, 2 seaplanes (Ar 196), 1 MTB (LS3) sunk 20/11/1941
HSK9 Michel (Schiff 28) (ex-Bielsko) 4/1939 // 9/1941 Danziger Werft 4740 (10900) 132.0x16.8x7.4 16 2 diesels (1 shaft), 6650 6 x 1 - 149/42, 1 x 1 - 105/42, 2 x 2 - 37/80, 4 x 1 - 20/65, 2 x 2 - 533 TT, 2 - 533 TT (beam), 2 seaplanes (Ar 196), 1 MTB (LS4) sunk 17/10/1943
HSK10 Coronel (Schiff 14) (ex-Togo) 13/8/1938 // 12/1942 Bremer Vulkan 5042 (12700) 134.0x17.9x7.9 16 diesel, 5100 6 x 1 - 149/46, 6 x 1 - 40/56, 8 x 1 - 20/65, 3 seaplanes (Ar 196) fighter direction ship Togo 10/1943
Schiff 5 (ex-Glengary, ex-Meersburg) 5/1940 // --- Burmeister & Wain, Copenhagen, Denmark 9138 (19200) 153.0x20.1x8.7 17 2 diesels, 9000 8 x 1 - 149/46, 1 x 1 - 105/42, 4 x 2 - 37/80, 4 x 4 - 20/65, 12 x 1 - 20/65, 2 x 1 - 533 TT, 2 - 533 TT (beam), 2 seaplanes (Ar 196), 1 catapult conversion cancelled 7/1943, TS Hansa 2/1944

 

Ship project history: German AMCs intended for actions against merchant shipping at oceans and offen called as "commerce raiders". They were converted from cargo ships, armament was masked. All had a triple designation: nominal name, number of an auxiliary cruiser (HSK Handels-Stör-Kreuzer) and the auxiliary ship number (Schiff).

Modernizations: Thor, 1942: - 6 x 1 - 149/42, 1 x 1 - 60/18; + 6 x 1 - 149/46

Komet, 1942: - 1 x 1 - 60/18, mines, seaplanes, MTB; + 1 x 2 - 37/80.

Naval service: Atlantis was in raid since 31/3/1940, 22 vessels (145697BRT) were sunk. 22/11/1941 she was sunk by British heavy cruiser Devonshire NE off St. Elena. Orion had raid since 6/4/1940 till 23/8/1941; 11 vessels (73477BRT) were sunk. In 1942 she was renamed Kurmark, in 1943 converted to gunnery drill ship and 12/1/1944 entered service as Hector; early 1945 again renamed Orion and 4/5/1945 sunk by Soviet Il-2 attackers at Swinemünde. Widder was in a raid since 5/5 till 31/10/1940; 10 vessels (58644BRT) were sunk. Subsequently she was used as repair ship and transferred on reparations to United Kingdom. Thor had first raid since 6/6/1940 till 31/4/1941; 12 vessels (96546BRT) were sunk, including British AMC Voltaire. Second raid was since 17/1 till 9/10/1942; 10 vessels (56093BRT) were sunk. Thor was lost 30/11/1942 at Yokohama as result of explosion on German supply vessels Uckermark. Komet had raid since 3/7/1940 till 26/11/1941; 7 vessels (41568BRT) were sunk. Komet was sunk in La Manche 14/10/1942 at attempting to go to second raid by British destroyers and MTBs. Pinguin departed to a raid 15/6/1940; 32 vessels (154619BRT) were sunk. Pinguin 8/5/1941 was sunk by British heavy cruiser Cornwall N off Seychelles. Kormoran departed to a raid 3/12/1940; 11 vessels (68274BRT) and Australian light cruiser Sydney were sunk. In battle against the latter 20/11/1941 Kormoran received heavy damages and has sunk in 300nm W off Australia. Michel was former Polish m/s, captured at Danzig in September, 1939. She had a raid since 9/3/1942 till March, 1943; 14 vessels (94363BRT) were sunk. The second raid from Japan in the summer of 1943 given 3 vessels (27632BRT). Michel 17/10/1943 was torpedoed by American submarine Tarpon at Yokohama. Stier departed to raid 10/5/1942; 4 vessels (29409BRT) were sunk. Stier 27/9/1942 was sunk from the damages received in battle against American s/s Stephen Hopkins in Southern Atlantic. Coronel was commissioned 1/3/1940 as an auxiliary minelayer Togo. In 1941-1942 she was converted to AMC. Did not go out to raid. In October, 1943 she was converted to fighter direction ship and on reparations transferred to United Kingdom. Hansa (so it was planned to name Schiff 5) was former Danish m/s, captured at Copenhagen 9/4/1940. She was converted to AMC in 1942-1943. Did not go out to a raid. She was used as training and target vessel; transferred on reparations to United Kingdom.

 

 

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14