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fighting ships of the world

KAISERLICHE MARINE (GERMANY)

CONVERTED MERCHANT SHIPS

armed merchant cruisers of WW I

Cormoran 1914

Möwe 1916

Wolf (ex-Wachtfels) 1917

Vineta 1915

Name

Launched // Comm.

Builder

Tonnage, BRT (disp., t)

Dimensions, m

Speed, kts

Engine, Power hp

Armament

Fate

Berlin 7/11/1908 // 9/1914 Weser, Bremen 17324 (26000) 186.8x21.2 17.5 2VQE, 7boilers, 14000 6x1-105/37, 4x5-37/20, 200mines interned 18/11/1914, returned 6/1919
Cap Trafalgar 31/7/1913 // 8/1914 Vulcan, Hamburg 18805 (23640) 186.0x21.9 17 2VTE, 14boilers, 15000 2x1-105/37, 6x1-37/30 sunk 14/9/1914
Cormoran (ex-Ryazan`) 3/1909 // 8/1914 Schichau, Elbing 3522 (7250) 104.0x13.7 15 1VTE, 4boilers, 4750 8x1-105/37 interned 14/12/1915, sunk 7/4/1917
Greif (ex-Guben) 29/7/1914 // 1/1916 Neptun, Rostock 4962 (9900) 131.7x16.5 13 1VTE, 2boilers, 3000 4x1-149/37, 1x1-105/37, 2x1-500TT sunk 29/2/1916
Iltis (ex-Turritella, ex-Gutenfels) 18/11/1905 // 2/1917 Flensburger SB 5528 (10700) 135.2x16.8 11 1VQE, 3boilers, 2600 1x1-52/51, 25mines sunk 5/3/1917
Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse 4/5/1897 // 8/1914 Vulcan, Stettin 14349 (24300) 199.5x20.1 22 2VTE, 14boilers, 28000 6x1-105/37, 2x5-37/20 sunk 26/8/1914
Kronprinz Wilhelm 30/3/1901 // 8/1914 Vulcan, Stettin 14908 (24900) 202.2x20.2 22 2VQE, 16boilers, 30000 2x1-88/45 interned 26/4/1915, captured by USA 7/4/1917 (Von Steuben)
Geier (ex-Saint Théodore) 22/4/1913 // 12/1916 Hamilton, Glasgow, UK 4992 (9700) 127.2x15.9 12.6 1VTE, 2boilers, 1800 2x1-52/51 scuttled 14/2/1917
Leopard (ex-Yarrowdale) 1912 // 1/1917 Dobson, Newcastle, UK 4652 (9800) 124.7x15.9 13 1VTE, 2boilers, 2400 5x1-149/37, 4x1-88/45, 2x1-500TT sunk 16/3/1917
Meteor (ex-Vienna) 5/1903 // 5/1915 Ramage & Ferguson, Leith, UK 1912 (3640) 89.1x11.3 14 1VTE, 2boilers, 2400 2x1-88/37, 2x1-37/30, 2x1-450TT, 374mines sunk 9/8/1915
Möwe (ex-Pungo), 6/1916- Vineta, 8/1916- Möwe 9/5/1914 // 12/1915 Tecklenborg, Geestemünde 4788 (9800) 124.5x14.4 14 1VTE, 5boilers, 3200 4x1-149/43, 1x1-105/42, 2x1-500TT, 500mines to United Kingdom 5/1920
Prinz Eitel Friedrich 18/6/1904 // 8/1914 Vulcan, Stettin 8797 (16000) 154.6x17.0 15 2VQE, 4boilers, 7000 4x1-105/37, 6x1-88/37, 12x1-37/30 interned 9/4/1915, captured by USA 7/4/1917 (De Kalb)
Seeadler (ex-Pass of Balmaha) 9/8/1878 // 12/1916 Duncan, Glasgow, UK 1571 (4500) 83.5x11.8 9 1diesel, 900, sails 2x1-105/42 wrecked 2/8/1917
Wolf (ex-Belgravia) 10/5/1906 // 1/1916 Workman Clark, Belfast, UK 6648 (12900) 141.1x16.2 11.5 1VQE, 4boilers, 2800 4x1-149/37, 2x1-37/30, 2x1-500TT CTL 26/2/1916
Wolf (ex-Wachtfels), summer1916- Jupiter, 11/1916- Wolf 8/3/1913 // 5/1916 Flensburger SB 5809 (11200) 135.0x17.1 10.5 1VTE, 3boilers, 2800 5x1-149/37, 2x1-500TT, 3x1-52/51, 465mines, 1seaplane (FF33E) to France 4/1919
Vineta (ex-Cap Polonio) 25/3/1914 // 2/1915 Blohm & Voss, Hamburg 20576 (24500) 200.1x21.7 19 2VTE, 14boilers, 20000 4x1-149/37, 4x1-88/45 to United Kingdom 4/1919
Victoria Luise (ex-Deutschland) 10/1/1900 // 8/1914 Vulcan, Stettin 16703 (27350) 207.2x20.5 17.5 2VQE, 8boilers, 15000 4x1-105/42, 4x5-37/20 discarded 8/1914

 

Ship project history: German AMCs intended for actions against merchant shipping at oceans and offen called as "commerce raiders". They were converted from cargo ships, armament was masked.

Modernizations: autumn 1916, Wolf: + 2 x 1 - 149/37, 2 x 1 - 500 TT

 

Naval service: Berlin was interned with fuel coal bunkers at Trondheim (Norway) 18/11/1914, returned to owner in June 1919 and in December transferred to White Star Line as Arabic. Cap Trafalgar was sunk in South Atlantic off Trinidad by British AMC Carmania 14/9/1914. Cormoran (former Russian Ryazan` captured in Korea Strait by cruiser Emden 4/8/1914) was interned at Guam 14/12/1914 by USA and scuttled there by own crew to avoid capture 7/4/1917. Greif was sunk by British AMCs Alcantara, Andes, cruiser Comus and two destroyers 29/2/1916 off Bergen. Iltis was formed British Turritella, captured 27/2/1917 W of Colombo, she was sunk by British sloop Odin 5/3/1917 off Aden. Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse was sunk by British cruiser Highflyer 26/8/1914 at Rio de Oro (Spanish Northern Africa). Kronprinz Wilhelm was interned by USA 26/4/1915 at Newport News and 7/4/1917 captured by USA, used by USN as troop transport Von Steuben. Geier was former British Saint Théodore, captured by AMC Möwe 12/12/1916, she was scuttled by AMC Möwe because of her worn out machinery. Leopard (captured British Yarrowdale) was sunk by British cruisers Achilles and Dundee 16/3/1917 NO of Faeroes. Meteor was sunk 9/8/1915 in the North Sea by British cruiser squadron. Prinz Eutel Friedrich was interned by USA 9/4/1915 at Newport News and 7/4/1917 captured by USA and commissioned by USN as troop transport De Kalb. Seeadler (ex-Pass of Balmaha, captured by submarine U36) wrecked through negligence on Mopelia Island in the Societies (Pacific) 2/8/1917. Wolf (ex-Belgravia) was badly damaged during a storm in Elbe mouth and discarded.

Kronprinz Wilhelm 1914

Seeadler 1916

 

 

Ivan Gogin, 2014