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BRAUNSCHWEIG battleships (1904 - 1906)


Photo



  Hessen 1919  

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Braunschweig   97 Germaniawerft, Kiel 24/10/1901 20/12/1902 15/10/1904 barrack ship 7/1916-1921, stricken 3/1931
Elsass   696 Schichau, Danzig 05/09/1901 26/5/1903 29/11/1904 barrack ship 7/1916-1924, stricken 3/1931
Hessen   100 Germaniawerft, Kiel 15/04/1902 18/9/1903 19/9/1905 hulk 1917-1925, target ship 3/1935
Preussen   256 Vulcan, Stettin 14/06/1902 30/10/1903 12/7/1905 hulk 1917, depot ship 1919, stricken 4/1929
Lothringen   716 Schichau, Danzig 01/12/1902 27/5/1904 18/5/1906 TS 1917, depot ship 1919, stricken 3/1931


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

13208

Displacement full, t

14394

Length, m

126.0 wl 127.7 oa

Breadth, m

25.6

Draught, m

8.10

No of shafts

3

Machinery

3 VTE, 8 Marine + 6 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

17000

Max speed, kts

18.2

Fuel, t

coal 1670

Endurance, nm(kts)5200(10)
Armour, mmbelt: 225 - 100, main turrets: up to 250, secondary turrets: up to 150, casemates: 150, gunshields: 70, CT: 300 - 140, deck: 40 with 140 - 75mm slopes
Armament

2 x 2 - 283/37 SK L/40 C/01, 14 x 1 - 173/37 SK L/40 C/01, 18 x 1 - 88/32 SK L/35 C/01, 4 x 1 - 7.9/79, 6 - 450 TT (1 bow, 4 beam, 1 stern)

Complement

743



Standard scale images


<i>Braunschweig</i> 1906
Braunschweig 1906
<i>Hessen</i> 1932
Hessen 1932


Graphics


  <i>Hessen</i> 1919  
  Hessen 1919  
  <i>Elsass</i> 1926  
  Elsass 1926  


Ship project history


1st class of battleships built under the 1898 program, differed from the competitors by enough good protection. Usage of turrets for placing of 4 of 14 170mm guns called criticism because of their low reliability and tactical inexpediency.

Besides being bigger and faster than the previous class the Braunschweigs also carried heavier guns as both main and secondary armament, though still, in the former case, lighter than the 305mm guns carried by the British batdeships of the time. Visually they differed in carrying the forward main turret on the forecastle deck instead of mounted above it, and also they had three funnels. Their armour was the same thickness as the previous class, except for an increase of 10mm for the main armament.

Ship protection


Main belt had 225mm thickness between barbettes (tapered to 150mm at lower edge) and 100mm outside them, there was short unarmoured part of WL near stern, this belt was placed on 100mm wooden backing. Upper belt between barbettes was 150mm. 225mm part of main belt was closed by 140mm bulkheads abreast barbettes. Main 40mm deck was connected with lower edge of main belt by 75mm slopes, thickness of slopes outside citadel was 140mm. Main gun turrets had 250mm sides and 50mm roofs, secondary gun turrets had 150mm sides. Majority of 170mm guns were protected by 150mm casemates, 88mm guns had 70mm shields. Fore CT had 300mm sides and 50mm roof, aft CT had 140mm sides and 30mm roof.

Modernizations


1916, Braunschweig, Elsass, Hessen, Preussen: were unarmed.

1917, Lothringen: - 2 x 2 - 283/37, 4 x 1 - 173/37, 18 x 1 - 88/32, 4 x 1 - 7.9/79, 6 - 450 TT

1918, Lothringen: - 10 x 1 - 173/37 (unarmed)

1921, Braunschweig: was armed with 2 x 2 - 283/37 SK L/40 C/01, 12 x 1 - 173/37 SK L/40 C/01, 8 x 1 - 88/45 SK L/45 C/13, 2 x 1 - 500 TT

1924, Elsass: was armed with 2 x 2 - 283/37 SK L/40 C/01, 10 x 1 - 173/37 SK L/40 C/01, 8 x 1 - 88/45 SK L/45 C/13, 4 x 1 - 500 TT

1925, Hessen: was armed with 2 x 2 - 283/37 SK L/40 C/01, 14 x 1 - 173/37 SK L/40 C/01, 8 x 1 - 88/45 SK L/45 C/13, 4 x 1 - 500 TT

1931, Braunschweig, Elsass: - 4 x 1 - 88/45

1931, Hessen: - 2 x 1 - 173/37, 4 x 1 - 88/45

Naval service


Braunschweig in 1916 was laid up into reserve and since August, 1917 used as the auxiliary. During the 1921 - 1926 period she had active service and sold in 1931 on demolition. Elsass since July, 1916 served as TS and had active service since 1924 till 1930, stricken in 1931 and served as test ship till October, 1935, BU in 1936. Hessen since 1917 used as hulk, she had active service since 1924 till November, 1934. Preussen and Lothringen since 1916 served as receiving ships, in 1919 both ships were converted to minesweeping boats carriers. Both were sold for BU in 1931. Hessen was in 3/1935 - 4/1937 converted to wireless controlled target (new boilers were installed (18000 hp), maximal speed was 20 kts), transferred in 1946 to Soviet Union and named Цель (Tsel`) (Target in English).

1919