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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

SUBMARINES

SAPHIR submarines (1930-1937)

Rubis 1940

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Saphir   Arsenal de Toulon 11/1925 20/12/1928 9/1930 captured by Germany 8/12/1942, to Italy (FR112)
Turquoise   Arsenal de Toulon 1926 16/5/1929 9/1930 captured by Germany 8/12/1942, to Italy (FR116)
Nautilus   Arsenal de Toulon 9/1926 21/3/1930 7/1937 captured by Germany 8/12/1942, to Italy
Rubis S07 Arsenal de Toulon 1/1928 30/9/1931 4/1933 FNFL 7/1940, stricken 4/1949
Diamant   Arsenal de Toulon 12/1929 18/5/1933 6/1934 scuttled 27/11/1942
Perle   Arsenal de Toulon 1/1931 30/7/1935 3/1937 FNFL 7/1940, sunk 8/7/1944

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

761 / 925

Length, m

64.9 pp 65.9 oa

Breadth, m

7.20

Draught, m

4.30

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Normand-Vickers diesels / electric motors

Power, h. p.

1300 / 1000

Max speed, kts

12 / 9

Fuel, t

diesel oil 75

Endurance, nm(kts) 7000(7.5) / 80(4)

Armament

3 - 550 TT (2 bow, 1 x 1 (in triple two-caliber mounting), 5), 2 - 400 TT (1 x 2 in triple two-caliber mounting, 2), 1 x 1 - 75/35 M1928, 1 x 2 - 13.2/76, 32 mines

Complement 42
Diving depth operational, m 80

Ship project history: Project "Q6". 1925 (2 submarines) and 1926-1929 (4 subs) programs. Perhaps, the most successful submarines of French Navy. Double-hulled, mines were stored in vertical tubes out of a pressure hull.

Modernizations: m. b. 1943 - 1944, Rubis, Perle: - 1 x 2 - 13.2/76; + 1 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

Naval service: Rubis in July, 1940 has come over to the side of de Gaulle. Diamant was scuttled at Toulon 27/11/1942. She was raised by Germans and sunk again in 1944 by American air bombs. Perle was erroneously sunk by American aircraft in Atlantic 8/7/1944. Remaining submarines have been disarmed at Bizerte, where 8/12/1942 they were captured by Germans. Later they were transferred to Italians, and then again captured by Germans. Saphir was renamed FR112 and disarmed at Genoa, 15/9/1943 she was blown up by Germans at Naples. Two more submarines did not departure Bizerte. Turquoise, renamed FR116, was scuttled there 6/5/1943, and Nautilus was sunk by Allied aircraft 31/1/1943.

Turquoise

 

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Ivan Gogin, 2008-14