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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

SUBMARINES

REQUIN submarines (1926-1928)

Requin 1939

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Requin Q115 Q42 Arsenal de Cherbourg 1923 19/7/1924 5/1926 captured by Germany 8/12/1942, to Italy (FR113)
Souffleur Q116 Q43 Arsenal de Cherbourg 1923 1/10/1924 8/1926 sunk 25/6/1941
Morse Q117 Q44 Arsenal de Cherbourg 1923 11/11/1925 2/1928 sunk 16/6/1940
Narval Q118 Q45 Arsenal de Cherbourg 1923 9/5/1925 7/1926 FNFL 6/1940, sunk 15/12/1940
Marsouin Q119   Arsenal de Brest 1923 27/12/1924 9/1927 FNFL 11/1942, BU 2/1946
Dauphin Q120   Arsenal de Toulon 1923 2/4/1925 11/1927 captured by Germany 8/12/1942, to Italy (FR115)
Caïman Q127 Q46 Arsenal de Cherbourg 1924 3/3/1927 12/1927 scuttled 27/11/1942
Phoque Q128   Arsenal de Brest 1924 16/3/1926 5/1928 captured by Germany 8/12/1942, to Italy (FR111)
Espadon Q129   Arsenal de Toulon 1924 28/5/1926 12/1927 captured by Germany 8/12/1942, to Italy (FR114)

 

Displacement standard, t

947

Displacement normal, t

1150 / 1441

Length, m

78.3

Breadth, m

6.84

Draught, m

5.10

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Sulzer or Schneider diesels / electric motors

Power, h. p.

2900 / 1800

Max speed, kts

15 / 9

Fuel, t

diesel oil 116 + 51 in ballast tanks = 167

Endurance, nm(kts) 6650(10) / 105(5)

Armament

10 - 550 TT (4 bow, 2 stern, 2 x 2 ext, 16), 1 x 1 - 100/45 M1917, 2 x 1 - 8/80

Complement 51
Diving depth operational, m 80

Ship project history: Project "C4". 1922 (first six boats) and 1923 (last 3 boats) programs. First French interwar ocean-going submarines. At their designing experience of study of requisitioned German boats was used. Bad manoeuvrability and low surface speed concerned to lacks. They intended for service in colonies, operations on communications and reconnaissance. Double-hulled. In 1935-1937 all submarines of class have passed major refit with full machinery replacing.

Modernizations: m. b. 1943 - 1944, Marsouin: - 2 x 1 - 8/80; + 1 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV.

Naval service: Morse was 16/6/1940 lost at Sfax (Tunisia) on a mine or (on Italian version) was sunk by Italian submarine Durbo. Souffleur was sunk by British submarine Parthian 25/6/1941 off Beirut during Syrian campaign. Narval after armistice 26/6/1940 passed to Malta and joined Allies. She was lost at coast of Tunisia 15-19/12/1940 on a mine or sunk by Italian destroyer Curtatone or 7/1/1941 by Italian torpedo boat Clio. Requin was captured by Germans at Bizerte 8/12/1942 and transferred to Italians. She was named FR113, but never commissioned and blown up by Italians at Genoa 9/9/1943. Dauphin was captured by Germans at Bizerte 8/12/1942 and transferred to Italians. She was named FR115, but never commissioned. She was again captured by Germans and scuttled by them at Puzzoli (Italy) 15/9/1943. Espadon was captured by Germans at Bizerte 8/12/1942 and transferred to Italians. She was named FR114, but never commissioned. She was again captured by Germans and scuttled by them at Castellamare (Italy) 13/9/1943. Phoque was captured by Germans at Bizerte 8/12/1942 and transferred to Italians. She was commissioned as FR111 and sunk in the first campaign by Allied aircraft off Syracuse (Sicily) 28/2/1943. Caïman was scuttled at Toulon 27/11/1942. Later she was salvaged by Italians and again sunk by Allied aircraft 11/3/1944.

Marsouin left from Toulon to Alger and joined Allies. Early 1944 she was laid up to reserve.

Requin prewar

Requin

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14