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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

SUBMARINES

MINERVE submarines

Junon 1940

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Iris S06 A C Dubigeon, Nantes 1/1932 23/9/1934 9/1936 interned 12/1942, returned 5/1945, sold 2/1950
Minerve   Arsenal de Cherbourg 1/1931 23/10/1934 9/1936 FNFL 6/1940, wrecked 19/9/1945
Vénus   A C de la Seine-Maritime, Le Trait 1/1932 6/4/1935 11/1936 scuttled 27/11/1942
Junon S05, 1950 - S605 A C Augustin-Normand, Le Havre 1/1932 15/9/1935 9/1937 FNFL 6/1940, sold 12/1954
Pallas   A C Augustin-Normand, Le Havre 3/1936 25/8/1938 1939 scuttled 9/11/1942
Cérès   A C de la Seine-Maritime, Le Trait 3/1936 9/12/1938 1939 scuttled 9/11/1942

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

662 / 856

Length, m

68.1 pp

Breadth, m

5.62

Draught, m

4.03

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Normand-Vickers diesels / electric motors

Power, h. p.

1800 / 1230

Max speed, kts

14.5 / 9

Fuel, t

diesel oil 51

Endurance, nm(kts) 2000(10) / 85(5)

Armament

6 - 550 TT (4 bow, 2 aft, 6), 3 - 400 TT (1 x 3 ext, 3), 1 x 1 - 75/35 M1928, 2 x 1 - 13.2/76

Complement 42
Diving depth operational, m 80

Ship project history: Project "2". 1930 (4 submarines) and 1936 (2 submarines) programs. First series of "standard" submarines. The project was grounded on drawings of "630ton" boats, since them there was a withdrawal from practice of ordering of ship design to private yards in favour of standardization.

Modernizations: m. b. 1943 - 1944, all survived: - 2 x 1 - 13.2/76; + 1 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon.

early 1950s, Junon: - 1 x 1 - 75/35, 1 x 1 - 20/70

Naval service: Damaged Iris escaped from Toulon in November, 1942 and was interned at Barcelona till end of war (later she was transferred to Cartagena). Junon and Minerve in June, 1940 were withdrawn to Britain and later came over to the side of "Free France".

Cérès and Pallas were scuttled at Oran 9/11/1942 during Allied landing in the North Africa. Later they were salvaged but never commissioned again. Minerve 10/10/1943 was hard damaged in La Manche as result of erroneous attack of patrol Canadian B-24 bomber and laid up into reserve. After war, 19/9/1945, she was lost in navigating accident at British coast.

Minerve

Junon postwar

 

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Ivan Gogin, 2008-11