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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

SUBMARINES

GUSTAVE ZÉDÉ submarine (1898)

Gustave Zédé 1894

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Gustave Zédé (ex-Sirène) Q002 Mourillon, Toulon 1889 1/6/1893 1898 stricken 1909

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

261 - 266 / 270 - 272

Length, m

48.5

Breadth, m

3.20

Draught, m

3.20

No of shafts

1

Machinery

electric motor

Power, h. p.

208

Max speed, kts

9.2 / 6.5

Fuel, t

battery only

Endurance, nm(kts) 85(5.5) / 55 (4.5)

Armament

1 - 450 TT (bow, 3)

Complement 19
Diving depth operational, m 30

Ship project history: Originally ordered on 4 October 1890 as Sirène, renamed in 1891. Single-hull Roma-bronze submarine boat designed by M Romazotti; carried detachable lead keel. Electric power from battery. Originally fitted with 720shp = 15kts/8kts, but, owing to accident, power reduced to above.

    After early difficulties owing to excessive weight and poor design of her electric batteries which had 720 cells, and after additional hydroplanes had been fitted to improve fore-and-aft control, Gustave Zédé proved an unqualified success. On trials she travelled the 41 nm from Toulon to Marseilles underwater. She made more than 2500 dives without accident and was probably the first submarine with an effective periscope (normally at 5 degrees) as well as a tall conning tower with a platform for surface lookouts.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: No significant events.

Gustave Zédé

Ivan Gogin, 2014