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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

SUBMARINES

ÉMERAUDE submarines (1908 - 1910)

Turquoise 1914

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Émeraude Q041 Q14 Arsenal de Cherbourg 10/1903 6/8/1906 10/1908 stricken 11/1919
Opale Q042 Q15 Arsenal de Cherbourg 10/1903 20/11/1906 1908 stricken 11/1919
Rubis Q043 Q16 Arsenal de Cherbourg 10/1903 26/6/1907 1909 stricken 11/1919
Saphir Q044   Arsenal de Toulon 10/1903 6/2/1908 1909 sunk 15/1/1915
Topase Q045   Arsenal de Toulon 10/1903 2/7/1908 1910 stricken 11/1919
Turquoise Q046   Arsenal de Toulon 10/1903 3/8/1908 12/1910 wrecked 30/10/1915

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

392 / 425

Length, m

44.9

Breadth, m

3.90

Draught, m

3.60

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Sautter-Harlé diesels / electric motors

Power, h. p.

600 / 200

Max speed, kts

11.5 / 9.2

Fuel, t

diesel oil

Endurance, nm(kts) 2000(7.3) / 100(5)

Armament

6 - 450 TT (4 bow, 2 stern)

Complement 21
Diving depth operational, m 40

Ship project history: Single-hull type boats to a design by Maugas, they were all built under the 1903 programme. Although proper submarines their surface buoyancy was not good; similarly their diesels were poorly designed which meant that trials were delayed and fraught with problems.

Modernizations: 8/1915, Topase, Turquoise: + 1 x 1 - 37/40 M1902

Naval service: Saphir sank in the Dardanelles after hitting a mine in 15/1/1915. Turquoise was damaged by Turkish gunfire and consequently beached on 30 October 1915. The Turks changed her name to Mustadieh Ombashi (or Müstecip Ombasi) after refloating her but she was not commissioned. She was condemned shortly after being returned to the French in 1919.

Saphir 1909

Ivan Gogin, 2014