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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

SUBMARINES

AMPHITRITE submarines (1915-1918)

nearly sister-ship Clorinde 1917

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Amphitrite, 4/1928- Amphitrite II Q094   Arsenal de Rochefort 1911 9/6/1914 1915 stricken 9/1935
Astrée Q095   Arsenal de Rochefort 1912 6/12/1915 6/1918 stricken 1928
Artémis Q096   Arsenal de Toulon 1911 14/10/1914 1915 stricken 1927
Aréthuse Q097   Arsenal de Toulon 1912 20/4/1916 1916 stricken 1927
Atalante, 4/1928- Atalante II Q098   Arsenal de Toulon 1912 14/4/1915 1915 stricken 1931
Amarante Q099   Arsenal de Toulon 1912 11/11/1915 9/1918 stricken 1925
Ariane Q100 Q36 Arsenal de Cherbourg 1911 5/9/1914 1915 sunk 19/6/1917
Andromaque Q101 Q37 Arsenal de Cherbourg 1912 13/2/1915 1916 stricken 1931

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

414 / 609

Amarante, Astrée: 440 / 610

Length, m

53.9

Breadth, m

5.40

Draught, m

3.30

No of shafts

2

Machinery

MAN-Schneider diesels / electric motors

Andromaque, Ariane: MAN-Loire diesels / electric motors

Amphitrite: MAN-Chaléessière diesels / electric motors

Astrée, Amarante: MAN-Indret diesels / electric motors

Power, h. p.

800 / 700

Max speed, kts

12 - 13 / 9.5

Fuel, t

diesel oil

Endurance, nm(kts) 1300(10) / 100(5)

Armament

8 - 450 TT (6 Drzewiecki drop-collars, 2 fwd ext cradles, 8)

Amarante, Astrée: 8 - 450 TT (6 Drzewiecki drop-collars, 2 fwd ext cradles, 8), 1 x 1 - 75/35 M1897, mines

Complement 29
Diving depth operational, m  

Ship project history: Double-hulled submarines, built under the 1909 program. Project of M. Hutter on the basis of Brumaire. Diesels did not reach projected 1300hp power, and it became main weakness of project. Astrée and Amarante after launch were towed off to Le Havre and completed as minelayers.

Modernizations: 1916 - 1917, completed and survived: + 1 x 1 - 47/50 M1902 or 1 x 1 - 75/35 M1897.

Naval service: Ariane was sunk off Bizerte 19/6/1917 by a torpedo from German submarine UC22. Artémis erroneously was twice attacked by British ships and aircraft, but both times, fortunately, without success.

Artémis after war

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14