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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

TORPEDO SHIPS

SPAHI destroyers (1909-1912)

Hussard 1914

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Spahi M55 F C de la Méditerranée, La Seyne 1906 3/5/1908 7/1910 stricken 12/1927
Hussard M59 C de la Loire, Nantes 1906 12/9/1908 9/1911 stricken 3/1922
Carabinier M60 Penhoët, St-Nazaire 1906 10/10/1908 10/1909 sunk 15/11/1918
Lansquenet M61 Dyle et Bacalan, Bordeaux 1907 20/11/1909 10/1910 stricken 12/1928
Mameluk M62 C de la Loire, Nantes 1907 10/3/1909 6/1911 stricken 2/1928
Enseigne Henry M78 Arsenal de Rochefort 1910 12/5/1911 4/1912 stricken 6/1928
Aspirant Herber M79 Arsenal de Rochefort 1909 30/4/1912 8/1912 stricken 7/1930

 

Displacement normal, t

530

Displacement full, t

550

Length, m

Spahi: 64.6 pp ~67.0 oa

Hussard, Mameluk: 65.8 pp ~67.0 oa

Carabinier: 64.2 pp ~67.0 oa

Lansquenet, Enseigne Henry, Aspirant Herber: 64.0 pp ~67.0 oa

Breadth, m

Spahi: 6.05 wl

Hussard, Mameluk, Lansquenet, Enseigne Henry, Aspirant Herber: 6.60

Carabinier: 6.48 wl

Draught, m

Spahi, Lansquenet, Enseigne Henry, Aspirant Herber: 2.30

Hussard, Mameluk, Carabinier: 2.40

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Spahi, Lansquenet: VTE, 4 Normand boilers

Hussard, Mameluk: VTE, 4 Du Temple boilers

Enseigne Henry, Aspirant Herber, Carabinier: VTE, 4 Guyot boilers

Power, h. p.

Spahi: 9000

others: 7500

Max speed, kts

28

Fuel, t

coal 95

Lansquenet: coal 115

Endurance, nm(kts)

1200(10)

Lansquenet: 2880(10)

Armament

6 x 1 - 65/50 M1902, 1 - 450 TT (bow), 2 x 1 - 450 TT

Complement 77 - 79

Ship project history: The first seven ships (named after troop types or naval heroes) of the new 450t class of French destroyers designed to catch up with growth of foreign constructions. All had reciprocating engines, coal-fired boilers and identical armament. They were simply enlarged versions of the earlier 300-tonners. The 65mm guns were of Model 1902 and had 1906 Model torpedoes (2 in single revolving tubes amidships and 1 in bow tube). Ships differed in hull dimensions according to the building yards. They were well built but their sea-going qualities were still insufficient to make them good long range escorts, though they were better than 300-tonners. All ships had two groups of stacks placed in pairs before and after the main machinery which was installed amidships. All except Carabinier (27kts) exceeded their designed speed on trials reaching 28.25-29.8kts

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: Carabinier 13/11/1918 stranded off Latakieh (Syria) and was destroyed two days later by Turkish coastal artillery, long after formal Ottoman surrender.

Hussard 1915

Aspirant Herber

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14