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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
FRANCE
TORPEDO SHIPS
OURAGAN sea-going torpedo boats (1889)


Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Ouragan     A C de la Loire, Nantes 1886 12.3.1887 1889 sold 1903
Alarme     A C de la Loire, Nantes 1888 1.6.1889 1889 sold 1906
Téméraire     A C de la Loire, Nantes 1888 1.5.1889 1889 sold 1911
Aventurier     A C de la Loire, Nantes 1888 13.4.1889 1889 sold 1910
Défi     A C de la Loire, Nantes 1888 29.6.1889 1889 sold 1911


Technical data


Displacement normal, t 
Displacement full, t177
Length, m

46.7 wl

Breadth, m

4.82

Draught, m

1.79

No of shafts

1

Machinery

1 VQE, 2 locomotive boilers

Power, h. p.

1400

Max speed, kts

16

Fuel, t

coal

Endurance, nm(kts) 
Armament

Ouragan: 2 x 5 - 37/20 M1885, 4 x 1 - 350 TT

others: 2 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 4 x 1 - 350 TT

Complement

29 - 32



Project history

Ouragan was laid down as a private speculation and bought on 6.9.1886, the remainder being ordered on 19.12.1888 in response to a petition from the builders. The novel quadruple expansion engine was designed for 1600ihp (1700ihp in Ouragan), and a speed of 25kts was promised. This speed was never approached, 19.21kts being the best on trials, although the later four did slightly better. The trials period was extended over nearly 2 years during which the original boilers were replaced and the hulls were strengthened (designed displacement was 104/112t). They were completed with a light 3-masted schooner rig (the mainmast was removed by order of June 1899) and the last 3 were again reboilered in 1897-9.

Ouragan originally had 2-37mm revolvers; the TT were mounted singly on each side abreast the CT and aft. Since they were unstable and poor seaboats their armament and radius of 2000nm at lOkts were their best features.

Modernizations

1897-1899, Téméraire, Aventurier, Défi: were reboilered.

Naval service

No significant events.