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TORPEDO SHIPS
NO295 torpedo boats (1905 - 1909)


Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
N° 295     A C Augustin-Normand, Le Havre   1.1906 8.1906 stricken 1920
N° 296     A C Augustin-Normand, Le Havre   24.4.1906 7.1906 stricken 1921
N° 297     F C de la Gironde, Bordeaux   26.7.1905 1.1906 stricken 1921
N° 298     F C de la Gironde, Bordeaux   9.10.1905 2.1906 stricken 1919
N° 299     F C de la Gironde, Bordeaux   28.10.1905 3.1906 stricken 1921
N° 300     Dyle et Bacalan, Bourdeaux   27.10.1905 2.1908 sunk 1.11.1916
N° 301     Dyle et Bacalan, Bourdeaux   10.1905 5.1906 stricken 1921
N° 302     Dyle et Bacalan, Bourdeaux   14.12.1905 3.1906 stricken 1921
N° 303     A C de la Loire, Nantes   27.12.1904 12.1905 stricken 1920
N° 304     A C de la Loire, Nantes   24.1.1905 2.1906 stricken 1919
N° 305     A C de la Loire, Nantes   23.2.1905 5.1906 stricken 1919
N° 306     F C de la Méditerranée, Granville   6.5.1905 10.1905 stricken 1920
N° 307     F C de la Méditerranée, Granville   7.1905 12.1905 stricken 1920
N° 308     F C de la Méditerranée, Granville   13.9.1905 1.1906 stricken 1921
N° 309     Schneider, Chalons-sur-Saône   6.1905 3.1906 stricken 1920
N° 310     Schneider, Chalons-sur-Saône   8.1905 5.1906 stricken 1925
N° 311     Schneider, Chalons-sur-Saône   1905 5.1906 stricken 1920
N° 312     A C de la Loire et Penhoët, St-Nazaire   17.6.1905 12.1905 stricken 1920
N° 313     A C de la Loire et Penhoët, St-Nazaire   1905 12.1905 stricken 1920
N° 314     A C de la Loire et Penhoët, St-Nazaire   2.9.1905 1.1906 stricken 1920
N° 315     A C Dubigeon, Nantes   1905 10.1905 stricken 1933
N° 316     A C Dubigeon, Nantes   1905 1.1906 stricken 1921
N° 317     A C Dubigeon, Nantes   1905 2.1906 sunk 27.2.1916
N° 318     A C Augustin-Normand, Le Havre   6.8.1906 10.1907 stricken 1922
N° 319     A C Augustin-Normand, Le Havre   4.9.1906 10.1907 sunk 19.1.1915
N° 320     A C Augustin-Normand, Le Havre   20.10.1906 5.1907 stricken 1920
N° 321     A C Augustin-Normand, Le Havre   22.11.1906 10.1907 stricken 1936
N° 322     A C Dubigeon, Nantes   26.10.1905 7.1906 stricken 1921
N° 323     A C Dubigeon, Nantes   9.1.1906 7.1906 stricken 1920
N° 324     A C Dubigeon, Nantes   9.4.1906 12.1906 stricken 1924
N° 325     F C de la Gironde, Bordeaux   16.3.1906 6.1906 sunk 22.1.1919
N° 326     F C de la Gironde, Bordeaux   10.4.1906 10.1907 stricken 1920
N° 327     F C de la Gironde, Bordeaux   3.7.1906 1.1907 stricken 1930
N° 328     F C de la Gironde, Bordeaux   9.6.1906 8.1907 stricken 1925
N° 329     F C de la Gironde, Bordeaux   3.7.1906 1.1907 stricken 1920
N° 330     F C de la Gironde, Bordeaux   7.1906 1.1908 stricken 1927
N° 331     F C de la Gironde, Bordeaux   9.1906 1.1908 collision 13.6.1915
N° 332     Dyle et Bacalan, Bourdeaux   23.5.1906 1.1907 stricken 1925
N° 333     Dyle et Bacalan, Bourdeaux   9.6.1906 1.1907 collision 12.3.1918
N° 334     Dyle et Bacalan, Bourdeaux   7.1906 8.1907 stricken 1920
N° 335     Dyle et Bacalan, Bourdeaux   9.1906 12.1907 stricken 1920
N° 336     Dyle et Bacalan, Bourdeaux   3.1906 12.1907 stricken 1921
N° 337     Dyle et Bacalan, Bourdeaux   11.1906 4.1908 stricken 1931
N° 338     Brasse et Fouché, Prairie-au-Duc   25.2.1906 5.1906 stricken 1920
N° 339     Brasse et Fouché, Prairie-au-Duc   25.4.1906 9.1906 stricken 1925
N° 340     Brasse et Fouché, Prairie-au-Duc   21.9.1906 9.1907 stricken 1920
N° 341     F C de la Méditerranée, Granville   22.1.1906 11.1906 stricken 1921
N° 342     F C de la Méditerranée, Granville   1.1906 7.1906 stricken 1922
N° 343     F C de la Méditerranée, Granville   24.3.1906 8.1906 stricken 1920
N° 344     F C de la Méditerranée, Granville   20.4.1906 8.1906 stricken 1920
N° 345     F C de la Méditerranée, Granville   11.5.1906 9.1906 stricken 1920
N° 346     F C de la Méditerranée, Granville   7.6.1906 10.1906 stricken 1920
N° 347     A C de la Loire, Nantes   2.1906 9.1906 collision 9.10.1914
N° 348     A C de la Loire, Nantes   2.1906 9.1906 collision 9.10.1914
N° 349     A C de la Loire, Nantes   10.11.1905 8.1906 stricken 1937
N° 350     A C de la Loire, Nantes   7.5.1906 8.1906 stricken 1921
N° 351     A C de la Loire, Nantes   5.6.1906 10.1906 stricken 1922
N° 352     A C de la Loire, Nantes   5.7.1906 1.1907 stricken 1921
N° 353     Schneider, Chalons-sur-Saône   2.1906 3.1907 stricken 1920
N° 354     Schneider, Chalons-sur-Saône   2.1906 5.1907 stricken 1919
N° 355     Schneider, Chalons-sur-Saône   2.1906 11.1906 stricken 1920
N° 356     Schneider, Chalons-sur-Saône   6.1906 1.1907 stricken 1920
N° 357     Schneider, Chalons-sur-Saône   7.1906 7.1907 stricken 1921
N° 358     Schneider, Chalons-sur-Saône   9.1906 8.1907 stricken 1915
N° 359     A C de la Loire et Penhoët, St-Nazaire   3.1906 7.1906 stricken 1920
N° 360     A C de la Loire et Penhoët, St-Nazaire   4.1906 7.1906 stricken 1922
N° 361     A C de la Loire et Penhoët, St-Nazaire   4.1906 7.1906 stricken 1921
N° 362     A C de la Loire et Penhoët, St-Nazaire   20.4.1906 7.1906 stricken 1921
N° 363     A C de la Loire et Penhoët, St-Nazaire   6.1906 10.1906 stricken 1920
N° 364     A C de la Loire et Penhoët, St-Nazaire   4.1906 11.1906 stricken 1920
N° 365     A C de la Loire et Penhoët, St-Nazaire   7.1906 11.1908 stricken 1921
N° 366     A C de la Loire et Penhoët, St-Nazaire   11.1906 5.1909 stricken 1922
N° 367     A C de la Loire et Penhoët, St-Nazaire   19.9.1906 2.1907 stricken 1920
N° 368     Arsenal de Toulon   2.3.1907 12.1907 stricken 1925
N° 369     Arsenal de Toulon   3.1907 3.1908 scuttled 27.11.1942


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

99 - 101

Displacement full, t103 - 105
Length, m

38.0

Breadth, m

4.40

Draught, m

1.88

No of shafts

1

Machinery

1 VTE, 2 Normand or du Temple boilers

Power, h. p.

N°295-367: 2000

N°368, 369: 1800

Max speed, kts

26

Fuel, t

coal

Endurance, nm(kts)2000(10)
Armament

2 x 5 - 37/20 M1885, 1 - 450 TT (bow), 1 x 2 - 450 TT

Complement

23



Standard scale images


<i>N°295</i> 1906
N°295 1906
<i>N°</i><i>339</i> as patrol boat 1918
339 as patrol boat 1918
<i>N°</i><i>340</i> 1910
340 1910


Project history

This last series of TBs for the 'défense mobile'  formed a particularly homogeneous class. They were based on the previous 37-metre type - most of the extra tonnage being attributable to the greater torpedo armament - but with a number of Normand modifications. Not only was the TT calibre increased but the two trainable tubes were mounted end-to-end on a single pivot aft. An increase in gun calibre was considered but rejected on the grounds of weight and the impossibility of matching contemporary destroyer armament, so this class retained the 37mm/20cal Hotchkiss 1885 model despite criticism of its low muzzle velocity.

All except 3 boats were fitted with the Normand-designed engines that were so successful in the preceding 278 and 279, and although they achieved less speed they were economical, giving 600nm at 18kts or 2000nm at 10kts. Nos 366, 368 and 369 had experimental machinery, 366's Lentz engine being so disappointing that her entry into service was delayed for 2 years while she was re-engined at the builder's expense; 368 and 369 had Delauncey-Belleville engines (with forced lubrication) of reduced power (1800ihp) and lower speed but increased economy.

Although generally satisfactory, this class was received into service with no great enthusiasm. Small TBs were considered obsolescent, and the concept of 'défense mobile' no longer seemed practical.

Modernizations

1915 - 1917, No 297, 301, 304, 306, 308, 313, 315, 316, 320 - 322, 324, 327, 352: were converted to minesweepers; - 1 x 2 - 450 TT; + mechanical minesweeping gear.

1915 - 1917, some boats were converted to patrols: - 1 x 2 - 450 TT; + 1 x 1 - 75/35 M1897

Naval service

8 boats were lost: No300 was mined off Le Havre 1.11.1916, No317 was mined off Calais 27.11.1916, No319 was mined off Nieuport 19.1.1915, No325 was mined 22.1.1919 off Kerkenah Island (Tunisia), No331 was lost as result of collision 13.6.1915 off Tunisia, No333 collided 12.3.1918 off Tunisia, No347 and No348 collided 9.10.1914 in the North Sea.