home

fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

TORPEDO SHIPS

MOGADOR destroyers (1938-1939)

Mogador 1939

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Volta   A C de Bretagne, Nantes 12/1934 26/11/1936 3/1939 scuttled 27/11/1942
Mogador   Arsenal de Lorient 12/1934 9/6/1937 8/1938 scuttled 27/11/1942

   

Displacement standard, t

2884

Displacement full, t

4018

Length, m

131.0 pp 137.5 oa

Breadth, m

12.7

Draught, m

4.57

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Rateau-Bretagne geared steam turbines, 4 Indret boilers

Power, h. p.

92000

Max speed, kts

39

Fuel, t

oil 710

Endurance, nm(kts) 4200(15)

Armament

4 x 2 - 139/50 M1934, 2 x 2 - 37/50 M1933, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76, 2 x 3 - 550 TT, 2 x 2 - 550 TT, 2 DCT, 40 mines

Complement 264

Ship project history: Built under 1932 and 1934 programs. Logic end of evolution of French super-destroyers, have ultimately approached with light cruisers. Steam temperature and pressure increase (to 350 and 27atm) became feature of the project. On sea trials they reached almost 44kts. (Mogador 43.45kts and Volta 42.88kts). Placing of main guns in twin turrets was characteristic. However these too complicated and whimsical mounts considerably reduced battle value of the ships. Real firing rate of main guns made half of designed one, and fire power was received even less, than at previous ships.

Kléber class (Kléber, Desaix, Marceau and Hoche) should become the further development of this design. Their characteristics were assumed close to Mogador, but with increased endurance and much strengthened AA artillery. In last variant of the project (on 1/6/1940) following data was provided: 3750/4180t; 131.0/137.5x13.0x4.65m; 850t of oil, 3600(30)nm(kts); 4x2-138/45, 2x2-100/45, 4x2-13.2MGs, 2x3-550TT. Building of this class was never begun.

Modernizations: late 1940, Mogador: - 1 x 2 - 139/50; + 2 x 2 - 37/50 M1933

1941, Mogador: + 8 x 1 - 13.2/94

1941, Volta: + 2 x 1 - 37/50 M1925, 2 x 1 - 25/60 M1938, 8 x 1 - 13.2/94

Naval service: At Mers-el-Kebir Mogador received hit of 15`` shell and after detonation of own depth charges lost a stern. During repair destroyed turret No4 was changed by turret No3, and  2 twin 37mm MGs were installed on its place.

Mogador and Volta were scuttled at Toulon 27/11/1942. They were salvaged by Italians in April-May 1943 and broken up.

Volta 1938

Volta 1941

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14