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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

TORPEDO SHIPS

ENSEIGNE ROUX class destroyers (1916-1923)

Enseigne Roux 1918

Enseigne Gabolde 1923

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Mécanicien Principal Lestin M86 Arsenal de Rochefort 11/1913 15/5/1915 1916 stricken 1935
Enseigne Roux M87 Arsenal de Rochefort 12/1913 13/7/1915 1916 stricken 1936
Enseigne Gabolde M88 Normand, Le Havre 6/1914 23/4/1921 1923 stricken 1938

Enseigne Roux, Mécanicien Principal Lestin

Displacement normal, t

850

Displacement full, t

1075

Length, m

82.6

Breadth, m

8.60

Draught, m

3.00

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons steam turbines, 4 Du Temple or Guyot boilers

Power, h. p.

17000

Max speed, kts

30

Fuel, t

oil 175

Endurance, nm(kts) 1400(14)

Armament

2 x 1 - 100/45 M1893, 4 x 1 - 65/50 M1902, 2 x 2 - 450 TT

Complement 76 - 81

Enseigne Gabolde

Displacement standard, t

835

Displacement full, t

normal 950

Length, m

82.1 wl 83.6 oa

Breadth, m

8.21

Draught, m

3.12

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 4 Normand boilers

Power, h. p.

20000

Max speed, kts

31

Fuel, t

oil 196

Endurance, nm(kts) 1300(14)

Armament

3 x 1 - 100/45 M1893, 1 x 1 - 75/35 M1897, 2 x 2 - 550 TT, 2 DCR (10), Pinocchio towed AS torpedo

Complement 80

Ship project history: All three ships ordered under 1913 programme. The first two of the trio were begun in 1913 and completed in 1916, the third ship was completed after the war to a modified plan (she was planned as an experimental ship). These ships were enlarged versions of the 800 tonners design fitted with tripod masts. Armament of Enseigne Roux class was the same as fitted on earlier ships and was augmented during the war with one 75mm AA gun, ten DC of Guiraud type and Pinocchio towed AS torpedo. On trials they reached 30-31kts.

    Experimental destroyer Enseigne Gabolde was suspended on the slip after the outbreak of war. She was to be fitted with Parsons geared turbines for greater economy. Her building was resumed only shortly before the end of the war and finished in 1923 to a modified design taking into account the lessons of the war. During the war the ex-Argentine Opiniâtre and Téméraire were fitted with her 4 boilers. She carried 4 funnels (rear pair were shorter than those forward) and had a larger bridge; the forward guns were superimposed (which proved an unsatisfactory arrangement because of the ship's small size). She developed 26,000shp and reached over 33kts on trials.

Modernizations: 1916 - 1918, both completed: + 1 x 1 - 75/35 M1897, 2 DCR (10), Pinocchio towed AS torpedo

Naval service: No significant events.

Enseigne Gabolde 1923

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14