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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

TORPEDO SHIPS

CLAYMORE destroyers (1906 - 1909)

Claymore 1906

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Stylet M32 Arsenal de Rochefort 3/1904 18/5/1905 4/1907 stricken 5/1921
Tromblon M33 Arsenal de Rochefort 7/1904 17/6/1905 4/1907 stricken 5/1921
Pierrier M34 Arsenal de Rochefort 10/1904 28/2/1907 11/1908 stricken 7/1921
Obusier M35 Arsenal de Rochefort 5/1904 9/3/1906 9/1907 stricken 5/1921
Mortier M36 Arsenal de Rochefort 9/1904 23/3/1906 1/1908 stricken 3/1927
Claymore M37 Normand, Le Havre 1904 14/3/1906 5/1906 stricken 3/1926
Carquois M38 Arsenal de Rochefort 7/1905 26/6/1907 8/1908 stricken 11/1930
Trident M39 Arsenal de Rochefort 1905 5/12/1907 1/1909 stricken 11/1931
Fleuret M40 Arsenal de Rochefort 5/1905 14/12/1906 3/1908 stricken 1/1920
Coutelas M41 Arsenal de Rochefort 2/1906 12/1/1907 3/1908 stricken 1/1921
Cognée M44 Arsenal de Toulon 1905 26/11/1907 12/1908 stricken 7/1921
Hache M45 Arsenal de Toulon 8/1906 15/2/1908 6/1909 stricken 2/1921
Massue M46 Arsenal de Toulon 11/1906 19/9/1908 6/1909 stricken 3/1927

 

Displacement normal, t

350

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

58.5 wl

Breadth, m

6.48

Draught, m

3.00

No of shafts

2

Machinery

VTE, 2 Normand boilers

Cognée, Hache, Massue: VTE, 2 Du Temple boilers

Pierrier: 4-cyl VTE, 2 Normand boilers

Power, h. p.

6800

Max speed, kts

28

Fuel, t

coal ~80

Endurance, nm(kts) 2300(10)

Armament

1 x 1 - 65/50 M1902, 6 x 1 - 47/50 M1902, 2 x 1 - 450 TT

Complement 60

Ship project history: Last 300ton destroyers; sometimes they were called 350ton. Massue was used temporary as minesweeper in 1912.

The prototype, Claymore, was ordered 2/9/1903, and orders for five Arquebuse class to be built at Rochefort were converted into orders for Claymores at the same time, the vessels being laid down 1904/06. The new hull form and extra weight of torpedoes made them top-heavy, so the upperworks were reduced and the closed bridge was replaced by an open position. The Dockyard-built Claymores did not prove very satisfactory. Pierrier was initially fitted with a Delaunay-Belleville 4-cyl experimental TE engine - it arrived two years late and was not a success and as a result the ship did not enter service until November 1910. She reverted to a 3-cyl engine in 1911.

Modernizations: 1908, all: mainmast was removed

1911, Pierrier: main engines were replaced by standard 3-cyl.

1912, Massue: (temporarily) + sweeps

1915, some survived: - 2 x 1 - 47/40; + 2 x 1 - 47/40 M1885 AA

1916, some survived: - 1 x 1 - 65/50; + 1 x 1 - 75/35 M1897, 1 DCT (6 - 12 DC)

1917, some survived: + 1 x 1 - 8/80

1918, some survived: - 1 DCT

Naval service: Mortier collided in the Adriatic with liner Asie in days of WWI, she served as torpedo school tender since June 1919 till October 1923.

Fleuret

Coutelas

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14