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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

TORPEDO SHIPS

BOURRASQUE destroyers (1926-1928)

Mistral 1939

Mistral 1944

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Simoun 10 A5 A C de St-Nazaire-Penhoët 8/1923 3/6/1924 4/1926 sold 2/1950
Siroco 11   A C de St-Nazaire-Penhoët 3/1924 3/10/1925 7/1927 sunk 31/5/1940
Tempête 12   A C Dubigeon, Nantes 12/1923 22/2/1925 9/1926 BU 2/1950
Bourrasque 13   A C de France, Dunkerque 11/1923 5/8/1925 9/1926 sunk 30/5/1940
Orage 14   CNF, Caen 8/1923 30/8/1924 12/1926 sunk 23/5/1940
Ouragan 15 34 CNF, Caen 4/1923 6/12/1924 1/1927 captured by UK 3/7/1940, to Poland (Ouragan), returned 4/1941, sold 4/1949
Cyclone 16   F C de la Méditerranée, Le Havre 9/1923 24/1/1925 6/1928 scuttled 18/6/1940
Mistral 17   F C de la Méditerranée, Le Havre 11/1923 6/6/1925 6/1927 BU 2/1950
Trombe 18   F C de la Gironde, Bordeaux 3/1923 29/12/1925 10/1927 scuttled 27/11/1942, to Italy (FR31), returned 10/1943, BU 2/1950
Tramontane 19   F C de la Gironde, Bordeaux 6/1923 29/11/1924 10/1927 beached 8/11/1942
Typhon 20   F C de la Gironde, Bordeaux 9/1923 22/5/1924 6/1928 scuttled 9/11/1942
Tornade 21   Dyle et Baccalan, Bordeaux 4/1923 13/3/1925 5/1928 sunk 8/11/1942

   

Displacement standard, t

1319

Displacement full, t

1900

Length, m

99.5 pp 105.8 oa

Breadth, m

9.64

Draught, m

4.30

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Typhon, Tramontane, Tornade, Trombe: Zoelly geared steam turbines, 3 Du Temple boilers

Simoun, Cyclone, Tempête, Mistral, Bourrasque, Siroco: Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Du Temple boilers

Orage, Ouragan: Rateau-Bretagne geared steam turbines, 3 Du Temple boilers

Power, h. p.

33000

Max speed, kts

33

Fuel, t

oil 345

Endurance, nm(kts) 2150(14)

Armament

4 x 1 - 130/40 M1919, 1 x 1 - 75/50 M1922, 2 x 1 - 8/80, 2 x 3 - 550 TT, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (32)

Complement 142

Ship project history: First interwar "standard" destroyers of French Navy were built under the 1922 program. They were outlined among the ships-contemporaries with a little archaic three-funnel outline profile. At the moment of laying down they carried strongest artillery in the world though its value was considerably decreased by low firing rate. Absence of sonar has appeared a serious lack. In the mid-thirties for stability funnels were shortened. Speed characteristics have appeared rather moderated: no more than 30kts at full displacement and to a beginning of war ships reached only 28-29kts.

Modernizations: 1931, all: - 1 x 1 - 75/50, 2 x 1 - 8/80; + 2 x 1 - 37/50 M1925, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76

1941 - 1942, Tornade: + 1 x 1 - 25/60 M1938, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76

1941 - 1942, Tramontane: - 1 x 3 - 550 TT; + 1 x 1 - 25/60 M1938, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76

1941 - 1942, Typhon: - 2 x 3 - 550 TT; + 1 x 1 - 25/60 M1938, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76, 1 x 2 - 550 TT

1943, Simoun: - 1 x 1 - 130/40, 2 x 1 - 37/50, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76, 1 x 3 - 550 TT; + 1 x 1 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, radar, sonar

1943, Tempête: - 1 x 1 - 130/40, 2 x 1 - 37/50, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76, 1 x 3 - 550 TT; + 1 x 1 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, radar, sonar

1943, Ouragan; 1944, Mistral: - 4 x 1 - 130/40, 2 x 1 - 37/50, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76, 1 x 3 - 550 TT; + 4 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX, 1 x 1 - 76/40 12pdr 12cwt QF Mk I/II/V, 3 x 1 - 20/70 Mk II/IV

early 1944, Simoun: - 1 x 3 - 550 TT

Naval service: Bourrasque 29/5/1940 was mined off Ostend and sunk by German coastal guns off Nieuport. Cyclone 31/5/1940 at Dunkirk was damaged by German MTB S24 and lost fore end. 18/6/1940 she was blown up in dock at Brest at the approach of German troops. Mistral 3/7/1940 was captured by British at Plymouth (though she was partly scuttled by crew at capture). Till 1944 she was used as TS and then laid up into reserve. Orage in the evening 23/5/1940 was damaged by German aircraft off Boulogne and sunk at next day morning. Ouragan 3/7/1940 was captured by British at Portsmouth. 18/7/1940-30/4/1941 she served under Polish flag, but really never commissioned. Some time she served as TS and then was laid up into reserve. In 1943 she was returned to France, but never commissioned by French Navy again. Siroco on the night of 31/5/1940 at Dunkirk was hard damaged by German MTBs S23 and S26 and sunk by German aircraft in the morning. During Allied landing in the North Africa in November, 1942 off Oran Tornade and Tramontane were sunk by gunfire of British ships (Tornade was sunk by cruiser Aurora and sloop Calpe and Tramontane beached being damaged by Aurora), and damaged Typhon was scuttled by crew at Oran. Trombe was scuttled at Toulon 27/11/1942, but salvaged by Italians. She received name FR23. After capitulation of Italy 28/10/1943 she was returned to France. 16/4/1945 off San Remo she was hard damaged by torpedo hit from German MTB.

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15