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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

TORPEDO SHIPS

AVENTURIER destroyers (1914)

Opiniâtre 1918

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Opiniâtre (ex-Rioja)   Dyle et Bacalan, Bordeaux 1910 1911 9/1914 stricken 1933
Aventurier (ex-Mendoza)   Dyle et Bacalan, Bordeaux 1910 18/2/1911 9/1914 stricken 1938
Téméraire (ex-San Juan)   A C de Bretagne, Nantes 1910 8/12/1911 11/1914 stricken 1936
Intrépide (ex-Salta)   A C de Bretagne, Nantes 1910 25/9/1911 11/1914 stricken 1937

 

Displacement normal, t

930

Displacement full, t

1250

Length, m

86.3 wl 88.5 oa

Breadth, m

8.75

Draught, m

3.10

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Rateau steam turbines, 5 White - Foster Wheeler boilers

Power, h. p.

18000

Max speed, kts

32

Fuel, t

coal 230 + oil 72

Endurance, nm(kts) 1850(10)

Armament

4 x 1 - 102/50 Mk 9, 2 x 2 - 450 TT, 2 x 1 - 450 TT

Complement 140

Ship project history: Ordered in 1910 by Argentina, but 9/8/1914 almost completed ships were been requisitioned by France and commissioned by French Navy. They have appeared unsuccessful: their boilers and artillery possessed numerous defects. In 1917 on Téméraire and Opiniâtre boilers were completely replaced by new (one oil-fired originally earmarked for Enseigne Gabolde and three du Temple boilers from battleships Normandie and Gascoyne, number of funnels has thus increased from three to four. But it has not corrected situation: on trials modified ships made 22kts at 12000hp. Similar modernization of two other destroyers has taken place in 1924-1927, and they received boilers from scrapped German destroyers V100 and V126 (Aventurier received 2 Schulz-Thornycroft and one du Temple boiler, Intrépide received three Schulz-Thornycroft). Results have appeared a little bit better, but all the same reached speed (26kts) it was hardly possible to recognize satisfactory. Since 1927 they had only two funnels.

In 1926 all were converted to fast minesweepers.

Modernizations: 12/1914, all: taken new armament consisted of 4 x 1 - 100/45 M1893, 1 x 1 - 47/50 M1902 AA, 4 x 1 - 450 TT

1917, Téméraire, Opiniâtre: were reboilered with 1 Normand oil-fired and 3 Du Temple boilers, one additional funnel was fitted, 12000hp, 22kts.

1926, all: were converted to fast minesweepers: - 1 x 1 - 100/45, 4 x 1 - 450 TT; + sweeps

1927, Aventurier: was reboilered with 2 Schultz-Thornycroft and 1 Du Temple boilers, 26kts. One funnel was removed.

1927, Intrépide: was reboilered with 3 Schultz-Thornycroft boilers, 26kts. One funnel was removed.

Naval service: No significant events.

Téméraire 1914

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14