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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
FRANCE
TORPEDO SHIPS
AVANT-GARDE sea-going torpedo boats (1890 - 1893)


Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Avant-Garde     A C Augustin-Normand, Le Havre 1888 11.10.1889 1890 wrecked 25.2.1890
Archer     A C Augustin-Normand, Le Havre   30.5.1893 1893 sold 1908
Turco     A C de la Loire, Nantes   20.11.1891 1892 sold 1911
Zouave     A C de la Loire, Nantes   1.1892 1892 sold 1908
Dragon     A C Augustin-Normand, Le Havre   29.4.1892 1892 stricken 8.1910
Grenadier     A C Augustin-Normand, Le Havre   20.8.1892 1892 sold 1919
Lancier     A C Augustin-Normand, Le Havre   19.12.1892 1893 sold 1911


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

Avant-Garde, Archer: 116

Displacement full, t

Avant-Garde, Archer: 128

Turco, Zouave: 127

Dragon, Grenadier, Lancier: 129

Length, m

Avant-Garde, Archer: 42.0 pp

others: 41.9 pp

Breadth, m

4.51

Draught, m

1.30

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Avant-Garde, Archer: 2 CR, 2 locomotive boilers

Turco, Zouave: 2 VTE, 2 Oriolle boilers

Dragon, Grenadier, Lancier: 2 VTE, 2 du Temple boilers

Power, h. p.

Avant-Garde, Archer: 1250

others: 1750

Max speed, kts

Avant-Garde, Archer: 20.5

others: 21

Fuel, t

Avant-Garde, Archer: 15

others: 22

Endurance, nm(kts)

 

Armament

Avant-Garde: 2 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 1 - 350 TT (bow), 1 x 1 - 350 TT, 1 spar torpedo

others: 2 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 1 - 350 TT (bow), 1 x 1 - 350 TT (4)

Complement

27



Project history

Ordered on 7.11.1887, Avant-Garde was Normand's contribution to the series of design studies for a suitable 'torpilleur de haute mer'. An enlarged version of the highly successful TBs of the 126 series, this boat proved to be robust and seaworthy, and also reasonably fast - 20.97kts on trials. She had twin funnels abreast and originally a light 3-masted rig. When this vessel's career was prematurely curtailed, a replacement was ordered (10.11.1889) to use her undamaged machinery and this boat became the Archer. The only differences were the single funnel and the same armament as the later boats. This design was considered so successful that in April 1890 two modified boats were ordered from Loire, and three more from Normand. The Normand boats were highly satisfactory, being the first French TBs to exceed 25kts on trials, although only designed for 21kts. The Loire boats, however, had machinery originally designed by the builders for the 34-metre type TBs, although the hull was to the Normand design, and neither reached 21kts on trials.

Modernizations

None.

Naval service

Avant-Garde wrecked 25.2.1890.