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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

TORPEDO SHIPS

AIGLE destroyers (1932-1934)

Épervier 1941

Épervier 1941

Albatros 1942

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
"C" group
Aigle   A C de France, Dunkerque 10/1928 19/2/1931 11/1932 scuttled 27/11/1942
Gerfaut   A C de Bretagne, Nantes 5/1929 14/6/1930 3/1932 scuttled 27/11/1942
Albatros T06, 1950- D614 A C de la Loire, St-Nazaire 1/1929 27/6/1930 1/1932 BU 9/1959
Vautour   F C de la Méditerranée, La Seyne 2/1929 28/8/1930 6/1932 scuttled 27/11/1942
"D" group
Épervier   Arsenal de Lorient 8/1930 14/8/1931 5/1934 beached 9/11/1942
Milan   Arsenal de Lorient 12/1930 13/10/1931 5/1934 beached 8/11/1942

   

Displacement standard, t

2441

Displacement full, t

3410

Length, m

122.4 pp 128.5 oa

Épervier, Milan: 122.4 pp 129.3 oa

Breadth, m

11.8

Draught, m

4.97

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Aigle: Zoelly geared steam turbines, 4 Yarrow or Penhoët boilers

Gerfaut, Épervier: Rateau-Bretagne geared steam turbines, 4 Yarrow or Penhoët boilers

Albatros, Vautour, Milan: Parsons geared steam turbines, 4 Yarrow or Penhoët boilers

Power, h. p.

64000

Épervier, Milan: 68000

Max speed, kts

36

Fuel, t

oil 580

Endurance, nm(kts) 3650(18)

Armament

5 x 1 - 139/40 M1927, 1 x 1 - 75/50 M1927, 4 x 1 - 37/50 M1925, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76, 2 x 3 - 550 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (44)

Épervier, Milan: 5 x 1 - 139/40 M1927, 4 x 1 - 37/50 M1925, 2 x 2 - 13.2/76, 1 x 3 - 550 TT, 2 x 2 - 550 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (44), 20 mines

Complement 230

Ship project history: Built under the 1927 program, the second series of "four-funnelers", a little differing from Guépard class. Last two ships were re-ordered under the special program and had machineries with raised steam parameters. Installation of different boiler types on these two ships has been undertaken for their comparison. As consequence of the raised profitability of a new machinery the endurance was increased. Leaders of "D" group have appeared also faster. So, Milan reached 41.94kts instead of 41.2kts of Gerfaut.

There were also some external differences between ships of "C" and "D" groups, other stern and superstructures form concerned to the most significant. Main M1927 guns with increased firing rate (theoretically to 12-15 shots/min) became the basic difference from the first series. For the first time in the French Navy "D" group ships can carry mines.

Vautour has sticked on a slipway and her launch was delayed for three days.

Modernizations: late 1932, Aigle, Gerfaut, Albatros, Vautour: - 1 x 1 - 75/50

early 1940, Vautour, Gerfaut; 1942, Albatros: + sonar

1940 - 1942, Aigle: + 1 x 2 - 37/50 M1933

1940 - 1942, Gerfaut, Albatros, Vautour: + 1 x 2 - 37/50 M1933, 2 x 1 - 13.2/94

1941, Épervier, Milan: + 1 x 2 - 37/50 M1933, 2 x 1 - 37/50 M1925, 2 x 1 - 13.2/94

Naval service: Three ships have been scuttled at Toulon 27/11/1942; they were salvaged, but were never repaired, and from November, 1943 till March, 1944 were sunk by Allied aircraft. Milan and Épervier 8/11/1942 during Allied landing at Casablanca and Oran were hard damaged by gunfire of British and American ships and ran aground next day.

Albatros was also damaged at Casablanca and ran aground. After war she was repaired and converted to tender assigned to gunnery school, she had her fwd boilers and funnels removed, speed being reduced to 24kts.

Albatros 1941

Milan

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15