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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

CRUISERS

PLUTON minelaying cruiser (1931)

Pluton 1939

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Pluton   Arsenal de Lorient 16/4/1928 10/4/1929 1/10/1931 TS 4/1933, internal explosion 18/9/1939

 

Displacement standard, t

4773

Displacement full, t

6500

Length, m

144.0 pp 152.5 oa

Breadth, m

15.6

Draught, m

5.18 full load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Bréguet geared steam turbines, 4 small-tube boilers (2 F C de la Gironde, 2 Normand)

Power, h. p.

57000

Max speed, kts

30

Fuel, t

oil 1200

Endurance, nm(kts) 4510(14)

Armour, mm

shileds: 20

Armament

4 x 1 - 139/40 M1927, 2 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 10 x 1 - 37/50 M1925, 6 x 2 - 8/80, 290 mines

Complement

424

Ship project history: Built under the 1925 program, was projected on the sample of British Adventure as minelayer for 250 mines and personnel transport for 1000 troops with armament. Armament consisted of 2 single 203mm and 2 single 138mm guns was originally supposed. However in this case ship would be considered as "A" class (heavy) cruiser which number has been limited by agreements.

Ship protection: only guns had light splinter protection.

Modernizations: 4/1933: - 8 x 1 - 37/50, 6 x 2 - 8/80; + 4 x 1 - 75/50 M1927, 6 x 2 - 13.2/76

Naval service: As minelayer Pluton practically was not used. 24/10/1932-27/4/1933 she has passed conversion to gunnery TS. Many rangefinders for training of cadets have been installed. Since June, 1940 ship should become ultimately training ship and been renamed La Tour D`Auvergne. Under this name she, basically, is known, though (contrary to a popular belief) actually has not received it. Pluton was lost at Casablanca on 18/9/1939 as result of internal explosion and followed 18hour fire.

Pluton 1938

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14