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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

CRUISERS

GLOIRE armoured cruisers (1903-1904)

Gloire 1904

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Amiral Aube   A C de la Loire et Penhoët, St-Nazaire 9/8/1899 9/5/1902 17/4/1904 stricken 4/1922
Condé   Arsenal de Lorient 20/3/1901 12/3/1902 12/8/1904 barrack ship 2/1933
Gloire   Arsenal de Lorient 10/1/1900 27/6/1900 28/4/1904 stricken 1922
Marseillaise   Arsenal de Brest 1/1900 14/7/1900 1903 TS 1925, stricken 1929
Sully   F C de la Méditerranée, La Seyne 24/5/1899 4/6/1901 6/1904 wrecked 30/9/1905

 

Displacement normal, t

Amiral Aube: 9534

Condé: 10233

Gloire: 10212

Marsellaise: 9458

Sully: 9856

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

139.8 wl

Breadth, m

20.2

Draught, m

7.47 - 7.67 max

No of shafts

3

Machinery

Amiral Aube, Marsellaise, Sully: VTE, 24 Belleville boilers

Condé, Gloire: VTE, 28 Niclausse boilers

Power, h. p.

21800

Max speed, kts

21.5

Fuel, t

coal 1565 + oil 80

Endurance, nm(kts) 4000(18)
Armour, mm Harvey nickel steel; belt: 150 - 60, turrets: 170, turret bases: 140 - 100, secondary turrets: 100, casemates: 85, lower deck: 45 - 40, main deck: 35 - 20, CT: 150

Armament

2 x 1 - 194/40 M1893-96, 8 x 1 - 165/45 M1893-96, 6 x 1 - 100/45 M1893, 18 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 2 - 450 TT (sub, beam)

Complement 615

Ship project history: Large armoured cruisers, development of Gueydon with differing artillery distribution (4 165mm guns in single turrets and 4 in casemates). To the First World War beginning they already became outdated.

Ship protection: Main belt extended from 1.0m below water to 2.3m above and to upper deck in fwd part in 3.3m from the bows, ending by 80mm bulkhead near the stern. Its lower strake was 150mm decreasing to 70mm at lower edge, thickness of this strake decreased to 80mm at ship ends. Upper strake tapered from 120 to 80mm from lower strake to upper edge and was 60mm above the main deck at fwd part. Lower deck had 40mm flat part connecting with lower edge of main belt by 45mm slopes. 35mm flat medium deck connected with top of main belt, reducing to 20mm at ship ends. A space between these decks was divided into many small compartments, filled with coal or stores. Casemates had 40mm rears. 100mm guns were unprotected.

Modernizations: 1925, Marseillaise: - 2 x 1 - 194/40; + 2 x 1 - 165/45 M1893-96

Naval service: Sully was wrecked 30/9/1905 in Along Bay in Indo-China as result of navigating accident, salvage attempts failed.

Gloire in 1916-1918 was in Southern Atlantic and in May, 1918 was badly damaged  as a result of collision with US s/s City of Athens. Amiral Aube in 1915 passed to Mediterranean sea and in 1916 laid up into reserve. In 1925-1929 Marseillaise was used as gunnery TS, replacing her 194mm guns by 165mm ones. Condé was hulked after 1933 and used as barrack ship. She was converted by Germans to submarine tender and sunk as aircraft target before WWII end.

Gloire 1900

Marsellaise 1914

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14