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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

CRUISERS

FRIANT protected cruisers (1895 - 1896)

Friant 1896

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Bugeaud     Arsenal de Cherbourg 6/1891 29/8/1893 5/1896 stricken 1/1911
Chasseloup-Laubat     Arsenal de Cherbourg 6/1891 17/4/1893 1895 accommodation ship 2/1911
Friant     Arsenal de Brest 1891 17/4/1893 4/1895 submarine depot ship 1918

 

Displacement normal, t

Friant: 3982

Chasseloup-Laubat: 3824

Bugeaud: 3809

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

94.0 pp 97.0 oa

Breadth, m

13.0

Draught, m

6.30 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Friant: 2 VTE, 20 Niclausse boilers

Chasseloup-Laubat: 2 VTE, 20 Lagrafel d'Allest boilers

Bugeaud: 2 VTE, 24 Belleville boilers

Power, h. p.

9500

Max speed, kts

18.7

Fuel, t

coal 577

Endurance, nm(kts)

6000(10)

Armour, mm

steel; deck: 30 with 80mm slopes, shields: 50, CT: 75

Armament

6 x 1 - 165/45 M1891, 4 x 1 - 100/45 M1891, 4 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 11 x 1 - 37/20 M1885, 2 - 350 TT (aw, beam)

Complement

339

Ship project history: A class of three-funnelled cruisers with tumblehome and a pronounced plough bow. The 165mm guns were forward and aft at forecastle deck level and in upper deck sponsons located abreast of the middle funnel and forward of the mainmast. The 100mm guns were just abaft the foremast and mainmast at forecastle deck level.

Ship protection: All guns had 50mm shields and there was 75mm on the CT. The curved armour deck was 30mm on the flat with 80mm slopes and there was the usual cofferdam and cellular layer above and also a debris deck below over the machinery spaces.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: Friant was used as a depot ship for submarines since 1918, stricken in June 1920.

Ivan Gogin, 2014