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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

CRUISERS

EDGAR QUINET armoured cruisers (1911)

Waldeck-Rousseau 1911

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Edgar Quinet   Arsenal de Brest 6/11/1905 21/9/1907 1/1911 TS 1928, wrecked 9/1/1930
Waldeck-Rousseau   Arsenal de Lorient 15/6/1906 4/3/1908 8/8/1911 hulk 6/1936

 

Displacement normal, t

Edgar Quinet: 13847

Waldeck-Rousseau: 13995

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

158.9

Breadth, m

21.5

Draught, m

8.41 max

No of shafts

3

Machinery

Edgar Quinet: VTE, 40 Belleville boilers

Waldeck-Rousseau: VTE, 42 Niclausse boilers

Power, h. p.

36000

Max speed, kts

23

Fuel, t

coal 2260

Endurance, nm(kts) 6500(10)
Armour, mm belt: 150 - 38, turrets: 200, turret bases: up to 200, casemates: 190, lower deck: 65 - 45, main deck: 35, CT: 200, tube: 150

Armament

2 x 2 - 194/50 M1902, 10 x 1 - 194/50 M1902, 20 x 1 - 65/50 M1902, 2 - 450 TT (sub, beam)

Complement 859 - 892

Ship project history: Last and the most powerful French armoured cruiser, created on the basis of Ernest Renan, but armed with uniform calibre guns. 194mm guns had firing rate of 4 shots/min, at can be reloaded at any elevation angle. The firing range was 14km, and after modernization 18km. At the same time, these cruiser became outdated by her concept already during building.

Ship protection: Main belt extended from 1.3m below water to 2.3m above and to upper deck in fwd part between stem and the aft end of fwd casemate, ending by 90mm bulkhead just near the stern. Its thickness was 150mm (between just fwd of the foremast and just abaft the mainmast) reducing to 70mm forward, 85mm aft and 90-40mm to the upper deck forward. Thickness of main belt near ship ends was 100mm decreasing to 70mm at raising fore part. Lower deck had 45mm flat part (increasing to 70mm over the rudder) connecting with lower edge of main belt by 65mm slopes. 35mm flat medium deck connected with top of main belt. A space between these decks was divided into many small compartments, filled with coal or stores. Casemates had 20mm rears, forward casemates were closed by 195mm fwd and 120mm aft transverse bulkheads, aft casemates were linked by 120mm fwd and 195mm aft ones. Main turrets had 50mm crowns, secondary had 30mm.

Modernizations: 1916 - 1918: some 47/50 and 65/50 AA guns were added

1928, Edgar Quinet: funnels No 1 and 6 were removed; - 4 x 1 - 194/50; + 2 seaplanes

1930, Waldeck-Rousseau: + 1 seaplane

Naval service: Edgar Quinet in 1925-1927 was converted to midshipmen TS (having four funnels, modified bridge, 10 194mm guns and 2 seaplanes), 4/1/1930 wrecked on the Algerian coast off Cape Blanc and sunk five days later. Waldeck-Rousseau was laid up into reserve in 1932.

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14