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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

CRUISERS

BAYARD barbette ships (1882)

Bayard 1882

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Bayard   Arsenal de Brest 10/1876 3/1880 1882 hulk 1899
Turenne   Arsenal de Lorient 1876 10/1879 1882 stricken 1901

 

Displacement normal, t

Bayard: 5915

Turenne: 6260

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

81.0 wl

Breadth, m

17.5

Draught, m

7.62 - 7.67 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

VC, 8 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

4400

Max speed, kts

14 - 14.5

Fuel, t

coal 450

Endurance, nm(kts)

 

Armour, mm

wrought iron; belt: 250 - 150, barbettes: 200, deck: 50

Armament

4 x 1 - 240/18 M1870, 2 x 1 - 194/20 M1870, 6 x 1 - 139/21 M1870, 12 x 5 - 37/20 M1885

Complement

451

Ship project history: Wooden-hulled ships with steel upperworks and ram bows. The barbettes had unarmoured ammunition tubes and were sponsoned on either beam forward of the funnel and on the centreline amidships and aft, the arrangement being similar to that in the Amiral Duperré. The 194mm were forward and aft under the forecastle and poop and the 139mm in an unarmoured main deck battery. Both vessels were ship rigged.

Ship protection: The belt was complete and extended from 1.3m above water to 1.6m below. It was 250mm amidships reducing to 150mm at the lower edge and ends. There was a 50mm armour deck at the belt upper edge.

Modernizations: 1880s, Bayard: + 4 x 1 - 47/40 M1885

1880s, Turenne: + 4 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 2 - 350 TT (beam, aw)

Naval service: No significant events.

Turenne

Ivan Gogin, 2014