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RICHELIEU central battery ship (1875)


Photo



Richelieu

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Richelieu     Arsenal de Toulon 1/12/1869 3/12/1873 12/4/1875 condemned 3/1900


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

8984

Displacement full, t 
Length, m

98.2 wl 101.7 oa

Breadth, m

17.5

Draught, m

8.69 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 HRCR compound, 8 oval boilers

Power, h. p.

4200

Max speed, kts

13

Fuel, t

coal 640

Endurance, nm(kts)2410(10)
Armour, mmwrought iron; belt: 220 - 180, over ram 110, battery: 160, barbettes: 160, deck: 13, CT: 100
Armament

6 x 1 - 274/18 M1870, 5 x 1 - 240/18 M1870, 10 x 1 - 120/25 M1870, 8 x 5 - 37/20 M1885

Complement

750



Standard scale images


<i>Richelieu</i> 1881
Richelieu 1881


Graphics


<i>Richelieu</i>
Richelieu
<i>Richelieu </i>1875
Richelieu 1875


Ship project history


A wooden-hulled central battery ship originally intended to be of 7400t with only 240mm guns. The 274mm guns were in a similar battery to that in Friedland with 4 240mm in barbettes above the corners of the battery and the fifth gun firing forward under the forecastle. There were more compartments than in Friedland and the spur ram projected 3m, while twin screws were intended to give greater handiness in ramming. Metacentric height was only about 0.45m and although originally full rigged, Richelieu later had fore and aft sails only.

Ship protection


The belt was complete and the unarmoured wooden sides above were plated by 15mm iron.

Modernizations


1870s: - 10 x 1 - 120/25; + 6 x 1 - 139/21 M1870

1880s: + 10 x 5 - 37/20 M1885, 4 - 350 TT (aw, beam)

Naval service


She capsized following a fire on 29/12/1880 at Toulon but was raised and repaired. In September 1885 she was used for trials of torpedo nets at up to 4kts. She sank in the Bay of Biscay after sale in 1911.