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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

CAPITAL SHIPS

MASSÉNA battleship (1898)

Masséna 1898 drawing from www.shipbucket.com

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Masséna   F C de la Loire, St-Nazaire 9/1892 24/7/1895 6/1898 hulk 1915

 

Displacement normal, t

11735

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

112.7 pp 115.5 oa

Breadth, m

20.3

Draught, m

8.84 max

No of shafts

3

Machinery

VTE, 24 Lagrafel d`Allest boilers

Power, h. p.

14200

Max speed, kts

17

Fuel, t

coal 980

Endurance, nm(kts)

4000(10)

Armour, mm

Nickel steel; belt: 450 - 250, upper belt: 100, main turrets: 400 - 350, turret bases: up to 150, secondary turrets: 100, CT: 350, decks: 110

Armament

2 x 1 - 305/40 M1893, 2 x 1 - 274/45 M1893, 8 x 1 - 139/45 M1887, 8 x 1 - 100/45 M1891, 12 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 5 x 1 - 37/20 M1885, 3 x 5 - 37/20 M1885, 4 - 450 TT (beam, 2 aw, 2 sub)

Complement

667

Ship project history: The Masséna was not a very successful ship and as seen above was 900t overweight. As in Charles Martel the hull was cut down to the main deck at the stern and to increase buoyancy forward there was a pronounced snout bow. The two funnels were far apart, there was little superstructure and although there were two military masts, the mainmast was short. The main and secondary armament was arranged as in Charles Martel with the 100mm in shields at forecastle deck level.

Ship protection: The belt, 2.3m wide, ended 9m from the stern in a 240mm bulkhead and is described in a British report as 'unduly immersed'. It was 450mm amidships with a 250mm lower edge and 250mm forward and aft. The 100mm upper belt was raised at the bow, and the armour decks were as in Charles Martel except that they appear to have been further apart with cellular layer between 70mm main and 40mm splinter decks.

Modernizations: early 1900s: - 2 - 450 TT (aw).

Naval service: The hulk of Masséna was towed from Toulon to Cape Helles to form a breakwater for the January 1916 evacuation and scuttled there 9/11/1915.

 

Masséna 1900

 

Ivan Gogin, 2014