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MASSÉNA battleship (1898)


Photo



  Masséna 1900  

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Masséna     F C de la Loire, St-Nazaire 9/1892 24/7/1895 6/1898 hulk 1915


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

11735

Displacement full, t 
Length, m

112.7 pp 115.5 oa

Breadth, m

20.3

Draught, m

8.84 max

No of shafts

3

Machinery

3 VTE, 24 Lagrafel d`Allest boilers

Power, h. p.

14200

Max speed, kts

17

Fuel, t

coal 980

Endurance, nm(kts)

4000(10)

Armour, mm

Nickel steel; belt: 450 - 250, upper belt: 100, main turrets: 400 - 350, turret bases: up to 150, secondary turrets: 100, CT: 350, decks: 110

Armament

2 x 1 - 305/40 M1893, 2 x 1 - 274/45 M1893, 8 x 1 - 139/45 M1887, 8 x 1 - 100/45 M1891, 12 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 5 x 1 - 37/20 M1885, 3 x 5 - 37/20 M1885, 4 - 450 TT (beam, 2 aw, 2 sub)

Complement

667



Standard scale images


<i>Masséna</i> 1898 drawing from www.shipbucket.com
Masséna 1898 drawing from www.shipbucket.com


Graphics


  <i>Masséna</i> 1900  
  Masséna 1900  


Ship project history


The Masséna was not a very successful ship and was 900t overweight. As in Charles Martel the hull was cut down to the main deck at the stern and to increase buoyancy forward there was a pronounced snout bow. The two funnels were far apart, there was little superstructure and although there were two military masts, the mainmast was short. The main and secondary armament was arranged as in Charles Martel with the 100mm in shields at forecastle deck level.

Ship protection


The belt, 2.3m wide, ended 9m from the stern in a 240mm bulkhead and is described in a British report as 'unduly immersed'. It was 450mm amidships with a 250mm lower edge and 250mm forward and aft. The 100mm upper belt was raised at the bow, and the armour decks were as in Charles Martel except that they appear to have been further apart with cellular layer between 70mm main and 40mm splinter decks.

Modernizations


early 1900s: - 2 - 450 TT (aw).

Naval service


The hulk of Masséna was towed from Toulon to Cape Helles to form a breakwater for the January 1916 evacuation and scuttled there 9/11/1915.