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FRIEDLAND central battery ship (1877)


Photo



Friedland 1897

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Friedland     Arsenal de Lorient 1/1865 25/10/1873 20/6/1877 condemned 1902


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

8850

Displacement full, t 
Length, m

96.7 wl 101.1 oa

Breadth, m

17.7

Draught, m

8.99 max

No of shafts

1

Machinery

1 HRCR, 8 oval boilers

Power, h. p.

4400

Max speed, kts

13.3

Fuel, t

coal 630

Endurance, nm(kts)2660(10)
Armour, mmwrought iron; belt: 200 - 180, battery: 160, bulkheads: 100
Armament

8 x 1 - 274/18 M1870, 8 x 1 - 139/21 M1870, 8 x 5 - 37/20 M1885

Complement

700



Standard scale images


<i>Friedland</i> 1877
Friedland 1877


Graphics


<i>Friedland</i> 1897
Friedland 1897
<i>Friedland</i>  
Friedland  


Ship project history


Originallv designed as an iron-hulled unit of the Ocean class, the Friedland was much altered during eight years on the stocks. There was a complete waterline belt and six of the 274mm guns were in the battery with ports 10m apart and sills 3.3m above water. The hull was not recessed for axial fire from the battery and the remaining two 274mm guns were in upper deck unarmoured half-barbettes projecting 1.4m from the side. The 139mm guns were originally on the upper deck but were remounted on the battery deck forward of the armour. The hull was compartmented by five watertight bulkheads but there was no double bottom though the sides were double from the turn of the bilge. The spur ram was replaced by the continuation of the inclined stem below water. Metacentric height was a little over 0.9m and the Friedland was originally rigged as a ship, then as a barque and eventually with fore and aft sails on two masts only, the mainmast being removed.

Ship protection


The complete waterline wrought iron belt was 220mm thick. Battery was protected by 160mm sides and 160mm bulkheads. Barbettes were unarmoured.

Modernizations


1884: + 14 x 5 - 37/20 M1885, 2 - 350 TT (beam aw)

1891: + 2 - 350 TT (beam aw)

Naval service


No significant events.