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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

CAPITAL SHIPS

COURBET central battery ships (1882 - 1886)

Courbet 1886

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Courbet (ex-Foudroyant)   Arsenal de Toulon 19/7/1875 27/4/1882 20/10/1886 stricken 2/1909
Dévastation   Arsenal de Lorient 20/12/1875 19/8/1879 15/7/1882 stricken 1909

 

Displacement normal, t

10450

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

95.0 wl 100.2 oa

Breadth, m

21.3

Draught, m

Courbet: 8.08 max

Dévastation: 8.23 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

VC, 12 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

8300

Max speed, kts

Courbet: 15

Dévastation: 15.5

Fuel, t

coal 1100

Endurance, nm(kts)

3100(10)

Armour, mm

wrought iron; belt: 380 - 180, battery: 240, deck: 60

Armament

Courbet: 4 x 1 - 340/21 M1881, 4 x 1 - 274/20 M1875, 6 x 1 - 139/28 M1881, 12 x 5 - 37/20 M1885, 5 - 350 TT (1 bow, 4 beam)

Dévastation: 4 x 1 - 340/18 M1875, 4 x 1 - 274/18 M1870, 6 x 1 - 139/21 M1870, 8 x 5 - 37/20 M1885, 5 - 350 TT (1 bow, 4 beam)

Complement

689

Ship project history: Courbet was originally to be named Foudroyant. These ships resembled the Redoubtable in general layout and were the largest central battery ships ever built. Compartmentation was better than in Redoutable. The 340mm guns in the battery were worked by hydraulic power but were cramped and slow-firing. They were the largest mounted in a central battery ship. Metacentric height was a little over 0.9m and the ships were only lightly rigged. They could be distinguished from Redoubtable by having two funnels close abreast.

Ship protection: The belt was 2.8m wide, 0.7m being above water, and extended from the bows to 8.5m from the stern, ending in a 300mm bulkhead. It was 380mm amidships, 260mm forward and 300mm aft with the lower edge 250mm amidships and 180mm at the ends. The top of the battery armour was 5.9m above water, and according to reliable British reports, the backing round the gun-ports in Courbet was replaced by 300mm steel. The 60mm armour deck outside the battery was at the belt upper edge except abaft the stern bulkhead where it was at lower edge level.

Modernizations: 1880s, Courbet: - 4 x 1 - 340/21; + 4 x 1 - 340/18 M1875

1890s, Courbet: - 4 x 1 - 274/20; + 3 x 1 - 274/45 M1893, 4 x 1 - 65/50 M1891, 14 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 7 x 1 - 37/20 M1885, 7 x 5 - 37/20 M1885

1896, Dévastation: - 4 x 1 - 340/18; + 4 x 1 - 320/25 M1870-81, 2 x 1 - 65/50 M1891, 6 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 12 x 1 - 37/20 M1885

1902, Dévastation: machinery was replaced by 12 Belleville boilers and 2 VTE; - 4 x 1 - 320/25, 4 x 1 - 274/18, 6 x 1 - 139/21, 2 x 1 - 65/50, 10 x 1 - 37/20, 8 x 5 - 37/20; + 4 x 1 - 274/20 M1875, 2 x 1 - 240/40 M1893-96, 10 x 1 - 100/45 M1891, 8 x 1 - 47/40 M1885

Naval service: No significant events.

Courbet

Ivan Gogin, 2014