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fighting ships of the world

FRENCH NAVY (FRANCE)

CAPITAL SHIPS

BOUVET battleship (1898)

Bouvet 1898 drawing from www.shipbucket.com

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Bouvet   Arsenal de Lorient 16/1/1893 27/4/1896 6/1898 sunk 18/3/1915

 

Displacement normal, t

12007

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

117.8 pp 122.6 oa

Breadth, m

21.4

Draught, m

8.38 max

No of shafts

3

Machinery

VTE, 32 Belleville boilers

Power, h. p.

15000

Max speed, kts

18

Fuel, t

coal 980

Endurance, nm(kts)

4000(10)

Armour, mm

Harvey Nickel steel; belt: 400 - 200, upper belt: 100, main turrets: 380, turret bases: 200, secondary turrets: 120, CT: 300, decks: 70

Armament

2 x 1 - 305/40 M1893, 2 x 1 - 274/45 M1893, 8 x 1 - 139/45 M1891-93, 8 x 1 - 100/45 M1891, 12 x 1 - 47/40 M1885, 5 x 1 - 37/20 M1885, 2 x 5 - 37/20 M1885, 4 - 450 TT (beam, 2 aw, 2 sub)

Complement

666

Ship project history: The last ship of the Charles Martel type, Bouvet differed in the hull not being cut down to the main deck at the stem and in having a moderate superstructure with two relatively small military masts. The main and secondary guns were disposed as in Charles Martel, with the 100mm on the superstructure. Owing to her face-hardened armour the Bouvet was the best of the five ships of her type.

Ship protection: The armour belt was complete from 0.6m above water to 1.5m below and was 400mm amidships with a 250mm lower edge and reduced to 300mm forward and aft and to 200mm at the stem. The upper belt was also complete and 1.2m wide, increased to 2.5m forward and 1.8m aft. The upper armour deck is given as 45mm located at the top of the main belt, and the lower as nearly flat at the belt lower edge and 25mm thick. There was the usual cellular layer with a cofferdam inboard of the upper belt.

Modernizations: early 1900s: - 2 - 450 TT (aw).

Naval service: She took part in the Dardanelles operations in 1915 and on 18 March was hit about 8 times above the water-line by the forts and had her fore turret put out of action from failure of the propellant gas extraction apparatus. She then struck a mine with a 80kg TNT charge which exploded deep below the starboard 274mm turret, and the Bouvet capsized and sank in under two minutes. About 660 of her complement were lost. The Bouvet is known to have been in poor condition at the time and it does not appear necessary to postulate a magazine explosion to account for her rapid sinking.

 

Bouvet 1905

 

Ivan Gogin, 2014