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fighting ships of the world

FINNISH NAVY (FINLAND)

CAPITAL SHIPS

VÄINÄMÖINEN coast defence battleships (1932-1933)

Väinämöinen 1941

Ilmarinen 1941

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Väinämöinen   Crichton-Vulcan, Aabo 8/1929 28/12/1930 12/1932 to USSR 6/1947 ( <Vyborg>)
Ilmarinen   Crichton-Vulcan, Aabo 8/1929 9/7/1931 9/1933 sunk 13/9/1941

 

 

Displacement standard, t

3900

Displacement full, t

?

Length, m

93.0 pp

Breadth, m

16.9

Draught, m

4.50

No of shafts

2

Machinery

4 Krupp-Germania diesel-generators, 2 Leonard electric motors

Power, h. p.

6000

Max speed, kts

15

Fuel, t

diesel oil 93

Endurance, nm(kts) 700(10)

Armour, mm

belt: 55-50, turrets: 100 (face), deck: 20-13, CT: 120

Armament

2 x 2 - 254/45 Bofors, 4 x 2 - 105/50 Bofors M1932, 4 x 1 - 40/39 QF Mk II, 2 x 1 - 20/60 Madsen

Complement

330

Ship project history: Original ships, one of the last in the world coast defence battleships. Project was prepared under Finnish order by German-Dutch bureau IvS. Order for building was given out 31/12/1927. As ships were projected for Gulf of Finland and Gulf of Bothnia, having strong ices in the winter, hull streamlines have got strongly pronounced icebreaking forms. There were 254mm/45 Bofors main guns, they had 50 maximal elevation angle and rather high firing range (162 cables). For the small dimensions Finnish battleships had strong AA armament.

Ship protection: Main belt covered the hull between the main barbettes and was closed by 30mm transverse bulkheads, flat main deck was connected with its upper edge. There was an anti-torpedo protection including one longitudinal bulkhead.

Modernizations: 7/1941, both: - 4 x 1 - 40/39; + 1 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors M36, 2 x 1 - 40/60 Bofors M38, 2 x 1 - 20/60 Madsen

autumn 1944, Väinämöinen: + 4 x 1 - 20/60 Madsen

Naval service: Ilmarinen 13/9/1941 during operation "Nordwind" was stricken by one or two mines (Finnish or German), capsized and quickly sank in 24nm SW off Ute. Väinämöinen 3/3/1947 was bought by Soviet Union and as Vyborg served till the mid-1960s.

Väinämöinen

Väinämöinen 1944

 

Ivan Gogin, 2009-16