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DANISH ROYAL NAVY (DENMARK)

TORPEDO SHIPS

DRAGEN torpedo boats (1930-1931)

Dragen 1940

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Dragen T1 Orlogsværftets, København   8/11/1929 7/1930 to Germany 2/1941 (TFA3)
Hvalen T2 Orlogsværftets, København   13/6/1930 7/1931 to Germany 2/1941 (TFA5)
Laxen T3 Orlogsværftets, København   28/11/1930 7/1931 to Germany 2/1941 (TFA6)

 

 

Displacement standard, t

290

Displacement full, t

335

Length, m

59.6 pp 61.0 oa

Breadth, m

6.00

Draught, m

2.30

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Dragen, Hvalen: Brown-Boveri geared steam turbines, 2 Thornycroft boilers

Laxen: Atlas geared steam turbines, 2 Thornycroft boilers

Power, h. p.

6000

Max speed, kts

27.5

Fuel, t

oil 40

Endurance, nm(kts)  

Armament

2 x 1 - 75/38 M29, 2 x 1 - 8/80, 2 - 450 TT (bow), 2 x 3 - 450 TT

Complement

46

Ship project history: Torpedo boats of Dragen and Glenten classes have appeared unique rather modern surface ships, commissioned by Danish Navy during the interwar period. They were, first of all, for coast defence, as has predetermined their small dimensions: common feature characterising Scandinavian ships.

Project was developed by Danish Admiralty, thus experience of building and service of turbine-driven torpedo boats of Søridderen class was used. They were built in two series on three boats each with break in some years and differed only by armament structure.

For their displacement new Danish torpedo boats were very strongly armed: two 75mm guns, two triple rotating TTs on upper deck and two more fixed single TTs in a bow. Partly large number of TTs was brought to nothing by small calibre, but it was still standard for Danish Navy (decision on changing to customary 533mm torpedoes has followed only in 1939, when it has been approved building of first rigorous torpedo boats of Najaden class). Ships of 2nd series had more powerful artillery. For compensation of increased upper weight deck TTs have fulfilled twin.

Modernizations: mid-1930s, all: + 2 x 1 - 20/56 Madsen

Naval service: After capitulation of Denmark in April, 1940 all three torpedo boats were laid up into reserve and disarmed. 5/4/1941 according with agreement between Germany and Denmark these ships were transferred to Kriegsmarine in disarmed condition to "leasing" for usage as torpedo retrievers. In 1942 Dragen, Hvalen and Laxen have received indexes TFA3, TFA5 and TFA6 respectively.

TFA3 (ex-Dragen) was lost on mine 14/5/1945. TFA5 (ex-Hvalen) and TFA6 (ex-Laxen) 14/6/1945 were badly damaged in Flensburg-fjord at explosion of ammunition transport Donau and were never repaired.

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Ivan Gogin, 2010-14