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BLANCO ENCALADA protected cruiser (1894)


Photo



Blanco Encalada 1918

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Blanco Encalada     Armstrong, Newcastle, UK 8.1892 9.9.1893 4.1894 TS 1920, stricken 12.1945


Technical data


Displacement normal, t4568
Displacement full, t 
Length, m

112.8 pp

Breadth, m

14.2

Draught, m

5.64

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 VTE, 8 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

14600

Max speed, kts

22.8

Fuel, t

coal 866

Endurance, nm(kts)3350(9)
Armour, mm

Steel; deck: 44 with 102 - 76 slopes, shields: 152 - 51, CT: 152

Armament

2 x 1 - 203/40 Armstrong P, 10 x 1 - 152/40 Armstrong W2, 12 x 1 - 76/40 Armstrong N, 12 x 1 - 37/20 Hotchkiss, 5 - 450 TT (1 bow, 4 beam)

Complement

427



Standard scale images


<i>Blanco Encalada </i>1900
Blanco Encalada 1900


Graphics


<i>Blanco Encalada </i>1918
Blanco Encalada 1918


Project history

One of well-known "Elswick" cruisers built by Armstrong in the end of XIX century. Design of P. Watts. She was laid down in August, 1892 at the initiative of builder for sale to foreign customer, in November of the same year she was gained by Chilean Government for 333.500£ and named Blanco Encalada.     Rather successful design, served as a prototype for Argentinean cruiser Buenos Aires, Chinese Hai Chi, Chilean Esmeralda (ii).    Flush-decked hull with ram stem. Differed by very strong armament.

Ship protection

Complete protective deck was 44mm at flat part and had 102mm slopes abreast machinery and 76mm slopes at ship ends.

Modernizations

1920: - 12 x 1 - 76/40, 12 x 1 - 37/20, 5 - 450 TT; + 5 x 1 - 76/40 Armstrong N AA, 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II

Naval service

In 1920 ship became a TS. In 1940 Blanco Encalada was laid up to reserve and actually used as a hulk; she was stricken 19.12.1945 and sold for BU.