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fighting ships of the world

CANADIAN NAVY - CANADA

TORPEDO SHIPS

IROQUOIS destroyers (1942-1948)

Athabaskan 1943

Huron 1944

Athabaskan 1955

Athabaskan 1963

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Athabaskan G07 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne, UK 10/1940 18/11/1941 2/1943 sunk 29/4/1944
Haida G63 - DDE215 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne, UK 9/1941 25/8/1942 9/1943 preserved 8/1964
Huron G24 - DDE216 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne, UK 7/1941 25/6/1942 7/1943 BU 8/1965
Iroquois G89 - DDE217 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne, UK 9/1940 23/9/1941 12/1942 BU 9/1966
Athabaskan R79 - DDE219 Halifax SY 5/1944 14/5/1946 1/1948 BU 7/1969
Cayuga R04 - DDE218 Halifax SY 10/1943 28/7/1945 10/1947 BU 2/1964
Micmac R10 - DDE214 Halifax SY 5/1942 18/9/1943 9/1945 BU 3/1964
Nootka R96 - DDE213 Halifax SY 5/1942 26/4/1944 8/1946 BU 10/1964

   

Displacement standard, t

1927

Displacement full, t

2745

Length, m

108.4 pp 114.9 oa

Breadth, m

11.4

Draught, m

3.96 (later 4.16)

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

44000

Max speed, kn

36.25 - 36.5

Fuel, t

oil 505 - 516

Endurance, nm(kts) 5700(15)

Armament

Iroquois: 3 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (30 DC)

Athabaskan (I): 3 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (30 DC)

Huron, Haida: 3 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 6 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (30 DC)

Athabaskan (II), Cayuga: 4 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 2 - 40/60 RP.50 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 40/60 Mk VII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (46 DC)

Micmac, Nootka: 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XIX, 2 x 2 - 40/60 RP.50 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 40/60 Mk VII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk VC, 1 x 4 - 533 TT

Sensors

presumably Iroquois, Athabskan (I): type 272, 285, 291 radars, sonars

presumably Huron, Haida: type 277, 285, 291 radars, sonars

presumably Micmac, Nootka: type 268, 275, 277, 282, 291 radars, sonars

presumably Cayuga, Athabaskan (II): type 262, 268, 275, 277, 291 radars, sonars

Sensors

type 127 sonar

Complement

190 - 250

Ship project history: "Tribal" class ships became the answer of Britain to occurrence in navies of probable opponents of large destroyers appreciable exceeding on armament standard British destroyers with their four 120mm guns. A starting point in designing of the new ship began requirement of Admiralty to place powerful armament including ten 120mm guns that should ensure the superiority over new foreign destroyers, such as Japanese Fubuki (3x2 127mm guns and 33 TT). Besides it, the wish to ensure leaders of "V" class (an initial designation of these ships) the strengthened air defence armament including newest multi-barrelled 40-mm pompoms expressed. Thus especially made a reservation, that the ships should not be so large that require armour protection, but to have the sufficient dimensions for providing of good seaworthiness.

By basic design working out it has appeared what to fulfil all requirements within the limits of the resolved displacement (1850t was an upper limit for leaders according to decisions of the London conference) it is impossible, and after considering of numerous variants were stopped on the design with 8 120mm guns, two quadruple 40mm pompoms (one was excluded from the specification already after the bulding beginning) and 1 quadruple TT (the truth, with a power drive). It was supposed, that the ships of this class will be brought together in a flotilla of seven-shipboard structure, and under the 1935 program building of such flotilla was provided, but this idea have soon refused, having ordered next year not 7, but 9 ships.

Structurally, except transition to heavier twin main gun mounts, application of yacht stem instead of straight one (as planed on sketch design  phases on "Tribal") and using on 30 % of more powerful machinery, "Tribal" essentially did not differ from the predecessors: the same internal arrangement and the same cross-section hull framing system. Last also became the main lack of these in remaining very successful ships.

Dominions also have replenished with "Tribal" class ships. Australian have decided to built them by own strength, but with assistance of British specialists, and machinery have been ordered in Britain. Australian "Tribals" originally differed nothing from an English pre-image. First two ships have ordered in the January, 1939, four more in May of the same year. Order for 3 additional units was cancelled before a war. Already during a building structure of armament of the ships have made the changes dictated by experience of the first months of operations in Europe. Basically they repeated works conducted on British "Tribals": in particular, "X" 120mm mount and 12.7mm MGs were replaced by DP 102mm twin and 20mm Oerlikons. Bataan become operational the last and carried 40mm/56 Boforses instead of Oerlikons.

Decision on a building of "Tribals" was accepted also by Canada in 1940, but not at itself, and in British. In 1940 the order on 4 ships has been given out. During an execution of an order in armament was changed in general repeating accepted on the Australian destroyers. More successful arranging of quadruple pompom became unique significant difference. Already after an end of the war 4 more Canadian "Tribal" class destroyers were completed, built in Canada under a little changed design (4x2 102-mm/45 guns and 40mm Boforses).

Modernizations: 1943 - 1944, Iroquois: - 6 x 1 - 20/70; + 6 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1946 - 1951, Iroquois, Huron, Haida: - 3 x 2 - 120/45, 1 x 4 - 40/39, 6 x 2 - 20/70, 2 DCT, 1 DCR, type 275 (or 285) radar; + 3 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 2 - 40/60 RP.50 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 40/60 Mk VII, 1 x 3 - 305 Squid DCT, Mk 28 radar

1951 - 1955, all survived Canadian ships were modernized as follows:

Displacement standard, t

2200

Displacement full, t

2500

Length, m

108.4 pp 114.9 oa

Breadth, m

11.4

Draught, m

4.16

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

44000

Max speed, kn

36.25

Fuel, t

oil 505 - 516

Armament

2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk 19, 1 x 2 - 76/50 Mk 22, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Boffin, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 3 - 305 Squid Mk 3 ASWRL

Cayuga, Athabaskan: 2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk 19, 1 x 2 - 76/50 Mk 22, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 7, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 3 - 305 Squid Mk 3 ASWRL

Sensors

SPS-10, SPS-6, Mk 28, type 293, 262 radars, type 170, 174 sonars

Cayuga, Athabaskan: type 275,293, 262, 268, 277 radars, type 170, 174 sonars

Complement

240

Naval service: Athabaskan 29/4/1944 was torpedoed by German torpedo boat 24 N of Ile de Bas (La Manche), blown up and sunk.

    Haida was preserved as memorial in Toronto. Arunta was foundered when towing to Japan for scrap 13/2/1969.

Ivan Gogin, 2015