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fighting ships of the world

K-U-K MARINE - AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN NAVY (AUSTRIA-HUNGARY)

CRUISERS

KAISER FRANZ JOSEPH I protected cruisers (1890-1892)

Kaiserin Elisabeth 1892

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Kaiser Franz Joseph I 233 STT, San Rocco 3/1/1888 18/5/1889 2/7/1890 floating HQ 1917
Kaiserin Elisabeth   Marinearsenal Pola 7/1888 25/9/1890 24/1/1892 scuttled 2/11/1914

 

Displacement normal, t

3967

Displacement full, t

4494

Length, m

103.7 oa 97.9 pp

Breadth, m

14.8

Draught, m

5.70

No of shafts

2

Machinery

3-cyl HTE, 10 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

8450

Max speed, kts

19

Fuel, t

coal 670

Endurance, nm(kts) 3500(10)
Armour, mm steel; barbettes: 90, deck: 38, hull: 57, CT: 50

Armament

2 x 1 - 238/32 G. L/35 C.86, 6 x 1 - 149/33 G. L/35 K.86 apt, 2 x 1 - 66/16 G. L/18, 5 x 1 - 47/40 SFK L/44 H, 4 x 1 - 47/30 SFK L/33 H, 3 x 1 - 37/20 SFK L/23 H, 4 - 400 TT (1 bow, 2 beam, 1 stern)

Complement

367

Ship project history: These two light cruisers were officially designed as 'torpedo ram cruisers'. At the outbreak of the First World War both ships were obsolete.

Ship protection: Steel deck had 38mm thickness. Barbettes was 90mm thick. CT had 50mm sides.

Modernizations: 1905-1906, both: - 2 x 1 - 238/32, 2 x 1 - 47/30, 3 x 1 - 37/20; + 2 x 1 - 149/37 G. L/40 K.96, 7 x 1 - 47/40 SFK L/44 H

Naval service: Kaiser Franz Joseph I was used as a harbour defence ship at Cattaro. In 1917 she was completely disarmed and became a floating headquarters. She was ceded to France as war reparation and foundered off Kumbor in the Bay of Cattaro in 1919. Kaiserin Elisabeth was stationed in China in 1914 and took part in the defence of the German naval base at Tsingtao. Her 15cm and 47mm guns were removed and mounted ashore in the 'Elisabeth' battery. She was scuttled on 2 November 1914, two days before the base surrendered to the Japanese.

Kaiserin Elisabeth

Ivan Gogin, 2014