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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CRUISERS

NEW YORK armoured cruiser (1893)

New York 1895

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
ACR2, 7/1920- CA2 New York, 2/1911- Saratoga, 12/1917- Rochester 268 Cramp, Philadelphia 30/9/1890 2/12/1891 1/8/1893 stricken 10/1938
  

Displacement normal, t

8200

Displacement full, t

9021

Length, m

117.0

Breadth, m

19.8

Draught, m

7.26 mean

No of shafts

2

Machinery

4 VTE, 8 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

16000

Max speed, kts

20

Fuel, t

coal 1290

Endurance, nm(kts) 4000(10)
Armour, mm

nickel steel - belt: 102, deck: 152 - 64, barbettes: 254 - 127, gunhouses: 140, casemates: 102, CT: 190

Armament

2 x 2 - 203/37 Mk III, 2 x 1 - 203/37 Mk III, 12 x 1 - 102/40 Mk III/IV/V/VI, 8 x 1 - 57/45 Driggs-Schroeder Mk I, 4 x 1 - 37/40 Driggs-Schroeder heavy Mk I, 3 - 360 TT (2 beam, 1 bow)

Complement

566

Ship project history: Authorized under the Act of 7/9/1888. The first US armoured cruiser as the Maine, originally ACR1, was better classified as a small battleship. The New York was a handsome flush-decked ship. The fore and aft twin 203mm had shallow barbettes, and the other two were to port and starboard amidships in shields with base rings. The 102mm guns were on the main deck, the four forward and four after guns being in sponsons.

Ship protection: Main 102mm belt protected machinery only. Armoured deck over citadel was 76mm at flat part and connected with lower edge of main belt by 152mm slopes. Thickness of main deck was 64mm at ship ends. Main twin gun turrets had 140mm sides and shallow 254mm barbettes. Ammunition tubes were protected by 127mm steel. Guns amidships were protected by shields and 51mm base rings. 102mm guns had local 102mm protection.

Modernizations: (1905 - 1909): all old armament was changed to 2 x 2 - 203/45 Mk VI, 10 x 1 - 127/50 Mk VI, 8 x 1 - 76/50 Mk III/V/VI. New 203mm turrets were protected by 165mm Krupp steel and had 152-102mm barbettes. Old boilers were replaced by 12 Babcock & Wilcox with higher funnels.

by 1919: - 2 x 1 - 127/50, 8 x 1 - 76/50; + 2 x 1 - 76/52 Mk X

1927: 8 boilers and 2 funnels were removed

Naval service: New York was renamed Saratoga 16/2/1911 and Rochester 1/12/1917, and after an active and varied career did not finally decommission until 29/4/1933. She was stricken 28/10/1938 at Philippines and was scuttled to avoid capture by the Japanese.

New York 1898

Ivan Gogin, 2014