home

fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

AIRCRAFT CARRYING SHIPS

CENTAUR light (medium) fleet aircraft carriers

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Albion R07 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 23/3/1944 6/5/1947 26/5/1954 amphibious helicopter carrier 8/1962, sold 10/1973
Arrogant   Swan Hunter, Wallsend --- --- --- cancelled 10/1945
Bulwark R08 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 10/5/1945 22/6/1948 4/11/1954 amphibious helicopter carrier 1/1960, anti-submarine aircraft carrier 2/1979, stricken 3/1981
Centaur R06 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 30/5/1944 22/4/1947 1/9/1953 stricken 1971
Hermes (ex-Leviathan) R12 Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow 21/6/1944 16/2/1953 18/11/1959 amphibious helicopter carrier 8/1973, anti-submarine aircraft carrier12/1976, aircraft carrier 5/1981, to India 4/1986 (Viraat)
Hermes   Cammell Laird, Birkenhead --- --- --- cancelled 10/1945
Monmouth   Fairfield, Govan --- --- --- cancelled 10/1945
Polyphemus   Devonport DYd --- --- --- cancelled 10/1945

 

 

original design:

Displacement standard, t

18310

Displacement full, t

24000

Length, m

198.1 pp 224.6 oa

Breadth, m

27.4 wl

Draught, m

7.52 deep load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

76000

Max speed, kn

29.5

Fuel, t

oil 4000

Armour, mm inner belt: 25, flight deck: 19, box-shaped protection of magazines: 51, machinery glacis: 25

Armament

4 x 2 - 114/45 QF Mk III, 2 x 6 - 40/56 Bofors, 11 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors, 42 aircraft (Seafire, Firefly, Sea Hornet, Sea Fury fighters, Firebrand torpedo bombers)

Sensors

not known

Complement

1390

Aircraft facilities: Hangar was 5.3m in height. Two lifts: 16.5 x 13.4m, 15.9t. 1 catapult BH-V (13.6t plane launched at 139km/h).   

Ship project history: Enlarged Majestics with higher speed and able to operate 13.6t planes.

Protection:  Inner belt covered machinery only. Underwater protection was very poor. Machinery was additionally protected by glacises.

Fate Note: 4 ships were completed by a modified design.

CENTAUR class

Albion 1954

Albion 1962

Bulwark 1960

Centaur 1964

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Centaur R06 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 30/5/1944 22/4/1947 1/9/1953 stricken 1971
Albion R07 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 23/3/1944 6/5/1947 26/5/1954 amphibious helicopter carrier 8/1962, sold 10/1973
Bulwark R08 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 10/5/1945 22/6/1948 4/11/1954 amphibious helicopter carrier 1/1960, anti-submarine aircraft carrier 2/1979, stricken 3/1981

 

Displacement standard, t

22000

Displacement full, t

27000

Length, m

198.1 pp 224.8 oa

Breadth, m

27.4 wl 37.5 oa

Draught, m

8.20 deep load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

78000

Max speed, kn

28

Fuel, t

oil 4000

Armour, mm inner belt: 25, flight deck: 19, box-shaped protection of magazines: 51, machinery glacis: 25

Armament

R06: 2 x 6 - 40/60 Bofors Mk 6, 8 x 2 - 40/60 Bofors Mk 5, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Bofors Mk 7, 26 aircraft (Firefly, Sea Fury, Attacker, Sea Hawk fighters, Wyvern attackers, Firefly, Avenger ASW planes, Skyraider early warning planes, Dragonfly helicopters)

R07: 2 x 6 - 40/60 Bofors Mk 6, 8 x 2 - 40/60 Bofors Mk 5, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Bofors Mk 7, 26 aircraft (Firefly, Sea Fury, Attacker, Sea Hawk, Sea Venom fighters, Wyvern attackers, Firefly, Avenger ASW planes, Skyraider early warning planes, Dragonfly helicopters)

R08: 2 x 6 - 40/60 Bofors Mk 6, 8 x 2 - 40/60 Bofors Mk 5, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Bofors Mk 7, 26 aircraft (Firefly, Sea Fury, Sea Hawk, Sea Venom fighters, Wyvern attackers, Firefly, Avenger ASW planes, Skyraider EW planes, Dragonfly helicopters)

Sensors

type 982, 983, 275, 974 radars

Complement

1400

Aircraft facilities: Hangar was 5.3m in height. Two lifts: 16.5 x 13.4m, 15.9t. 2 catapults BH-V (13.6t plane launched at 139km/h). There was 50-angled flight deck. Catapults were replaced by steam B5-4 in 1956.  

Year Fighters ASW planes EW planes Helicopters
1954 Centaur 9 Sea Hawk FGA.6, 9 Sea Fury FB.11 6 Avenger AS.4 --- 1 Dragonfly HR.5
1956 Albion 12 Sea Venom FAW.21, 16 Sea Hawk FGA.6 --- 4 Skyraider AEW.1 1 Dragonfly HR.5
1961 Centaur 8 Scimitar F.1, 9 Sea Vixen FAW.1 --- 4 Gannet AEW.3 6 Whirlwind HAS.7
1966 Bulwark --- --- --- 16 Wessex HU.5, 1 Wasp HAS.1

Protection:  Inner belt covered machinery only. Underwater protection was very poor. Machinery was additionally protected by glacises.

Modernizations: 1956: new catapults fitted; - 1 x 6 - 40/60.

(1/1959 - 1/1960, Devonport DYd), Bulwark: converted to "commando carrier" (LPH). Catapults and arrester gears were removed. Accommodation for 733 marines fitted, 4 LCA on davits were carried. Armament consisted of 4 x 2 - 40/60 Bofors. Air group consisted of 8 Whirlwind helos (later 16).

(2/1961 - 8/1962, Devonport DYd), Albion: as Bulwark, but can carry 900 marines and Wessex helos.

Fate Note: Bulwark was paid off 3/1980 after fire in engine rooms.

HERMES

Hermes 1959

       Hermes 1979

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Hermes (ex-Leviathan) R12 Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow 21/6/1944 16/2/1953 18/11/1959 amphibious helicopter carrier 8/1973, anti-submarine aircraft carrier 12/1976, aircraft carrier 5/1981, to India 4/1986 (Viraat)

 

Displacement standard, t

23900

Displacement full, t

28700

Length, m

198.1 pp 226.9 oa

Breadth, m

27.4 wl 44.1 oa (48.8 oa since 1966)

Draught, m

8.80 mean

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

76000

Max speed, kn

28

Fuel, t

oil 4200

Armour, mm inner belt: 25, flight deck: 19, box-shaped protection of magazines: 51, machinery glacis: 25
Armament

5 x 2 - 40/60 Bofors Mk 5, 28 aircraft (Sea Hawk, Sea Vixen, Scimitar fighters, Gannet ASW planes, Sea Venom, Gannet ECM planes, Skyraider, Gannet EW planes, Dragonfly helicopters)

Armament

type 984, 982, 262, 974 radars

Sensors 2100

Aircraft facilities: Hangar was 5.3m in height. Two lifts: fore deck edge lift (16.5 x 10.7m, 15.9t) and aft centerline lift (16.5 x 13.4m, 15.9t). 2 catapults B5-4. There was 60-angled flight deck.

Year Fighters Attackers EW planes Cargo planes Helicopters
1966 12 Sea Vixen FAW.2 7 Buccaneer S.1 4 Gannet AEW.3 1 Gannet COD.4 5 Wessex HAS.3
1977 --- --- --- --- 9 Sea King HAS.1, 4 Wessex HU.5
1982 16 Sea Harrier FRS.1 --- --- --- 18 Sea King HAS.5

Protection:  Inner belt covered machinery only. Underwater protection was very poor. Machinery was additionally protected by glacises.

Modernizations: (2/1964 - 5/1966): - 5 x 2 - 40/60; + 2 x 4 Seacat GWS22 SAM launchers.

(3/1971 - 8/1973, Devonport DYd): converted to "commando carrier" (LPH) - type 984 radar, catapults, arrester gears; + type 965 radar. Fitted to carry Wessex helos.

(5 - 12/1976): converted to ASW carrier: fitted to carry Sea King ASW helos.

(5/1980 - 5/1981): converted to VSTOL carrier: 70-ski-jump ramp fiited.

Naval service: Stricken 7/1985 and sold to India 4/1986.

       Bulwark & Albion 1962

       Centaur 1964

      Hermes 1959

 

Custom Search

Ivan Gogin, 2008-09