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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

CAPITAL SHIPS & MONITORS

VANGUARD battleship

Vanguard 1946

Vanguard 1946

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Vanguard   John Brown, Clydebank 2/10/1941 30/11/1944 9/8/1946 stricken 6/1960

 

 

 

Displacement standard, t

44500

Displacement full, t

51420

Length, m

231.6 pp 248.2 oa

Breadth, m

32.9

Draught, m

9.38 (10.62 deep load)

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 8 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

130000

Max speed, kn

30

Fuel, t

4423 oil

Armour, mm

main belt: 356 - 343, bulkheads: 305, barbettes: 330 - 279, turrets: 330 (face) - 229 - 178 (sides) - 152 (roof), CT: 76 -64, secondary gunhouses: 38 - 25, main deck: 152 - 127, lower deck: 127 - 63 fore and 114 aft

Armament

4 x 2 - 381/42 Mk I, 8 x 2 - 133/50 QF Mk I, 4 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 10 x 6 - 40/56 Bofors, 1 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors STAAG, 11 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors

Sensors

type 960, type 277, type 293, type 268, type 930, 2x type 274, 4x type 275, 11x type 262 radars

Complement

1893 - 1975

Ship project history: British have managed during the war period not only to laid down, but also to launch, and after the war to finish last battleship of Royal Navy Vanguard. Its designing was conducted round guns. Four 381mm turrets from Courageous class battlecruisers, rebuilt to aircraft carriers, from the middle 1920 were stored in fleet arsenals. Admiralty did not know, that with them to do a long time. At last, in the beginning of 1939 was the basic design of a fast battleship for East fleet capable is made to struggle with Japanese battle and heavy cruisers. With a beginning of war the design have put aside, however in 1941 when the circumstances in the Far East began to be heated, it have quickly finished with usage of ready constructive decisions applied on King George V class.

Protection:    External vertical main belt was 7.3m in height and 140m in length, it protected citadel between end barbettes. Upper part, about 5m in height, was 356mm abreast magazines and 343mm abreast machinery. Lower part, about 2.5m in height, tapered from upper to lower edges from 356mm to 114mm abreast magazines and from 343mm to 114mm abreast machinery. Lower strike of belt extended at 164m. Its thickness was 343 - 305 - 260 (upper edge) / 114mm (lower edge) fore and aft. Thickness of bulkheads was 305mm. Additional 64 - 51mm splinter belt was 2.45m in height fore and 3.4m aft and extended to 3.5m from stem and to steering gear. Magazines had vertical 37mm splinter Protection. Flat main deck within citadel was 152mm over magazines and 127mm over machinery, it connected with upper edge of main belt. There was a lower deck outside citadel, connected with upper edge of lengthened parts of lower belt strike. It extended fore up to stem and has thickness 127 - 64mm; its aft part was 114mm thick, closed by 102mm bulkhead. Last longitudinal bulkhead was 44-37mm thick, underwater Protection deep was 4.75m.

Modernizations: 1947: - 1 x 2 - 40/56 (fitted again later in 1947 )

circa 1955: - 11 x 1 - 40/56

Naval service: no significant events

 

       Vanguard 1946

       Vanguard 1946

 

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Ivan Gogin, 2008-09