home

fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

CAPITAL SHIPS & MONITORS

QUEEN ELIZABETH battleships

Queen Elizabeth 1915

Barham 1919

Malaya 1937

Barham 1941

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Barham 04 John Brown, Clydebank 24/2/1913 31/10/1914 10/1915 sunk 25/11/1941
Malaya 01 Armstrong, Elswick 20/10/1913 18/3/1915 2/1916 sold for BU 2/1948
Queen Elizabeth 00 Portsmouth DYd 21/10/1912 16/10/1913 1/1915 sold for BU 3/1948
Valiant 02 Fairfield, Govan 31/1/1913 4/11/1914 2/1916 sold for BU 3/1948
Warspite 03 Devonport DYd 31/10/1912 26/11/1913 3/1915 sold for BU 7/1946

 

 

  

Displacement normal, t

27500

Displacement full, t

31500

Length, m

196.8

Breadth, m

27.6

Draught, m

8.80

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Barham, Valiant: Brown-Curtis steam turbines, 24 Yarrow boilers

Malaya, Queen Elizabeth, Warspite: Parsons steam turbines, 24 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

56000

Max speed, kn

23 - 24

Fuel, t

3400 oil

Armour, mm

main belt: 330 - 102, upper belt: 152, bulkheads: 152 - 102, turrets: 330 (face) - 280 (side) - 127 (roof), barbettes: 254 - 178 (over main deck) - 152 - 102 (under main deck), casemates: 152, main deck: 76 (slopes) - 25 (flat), upper deck: 51 - 32, casemate roof: 25, longitudinal bulkhead: 51, CT: 280

Armament

Queen Elizabeth: 4 x 2 - 381/42 Mk I, 16 x 1 - 152/45 BL Mk XII, 2 x 1 - 76/45 QF HA Mk I, 4 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 4 - 533 TT (beam)

others: 4 x 2 - 381/42 Mk I, 14 x 1 - 152/45 BL Mk XII, 2 x 1 - 76/45 QF HA Mk I, 4 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 4 - 533 TT (beam)

Complement

925 - 951

Ship project history: One of the most well-known British battleships of both world wars. These battleships had 15`` main guns first in history and was the most powerful ships in the world at the time of completion. Important innovation was using of oil fuel instead of coal. Empty hull space after design reduction of one turret was used to accommodate additional boilers to give a 24 - 25kts speed.

 Protection:    The main armored belt in height of 3.96m closed about 90 % of a waterline, not reaching stem 15m approximately, and aft about 4m. From barbette "A" up to barbette "Y" the belt had the greatest thickness. Armored plates were non-uniform on thickness: the width of 330mm part was 2.28m, thickness to the top edge of a plate decreased up to 152mm, and to bottom up to 203mm. Thickness of the main belt decreased up to 152mm fore and is consecutive up to 152 and 102mm aft. Atop of the main belt there was an upper belt with 152mm thickness (also between barbettes "A" and "Y"). Abreast barbettes the main and upper belts closed by 152mm bulkheads, forming a citadel. The belt on a waterline was closed by 102mm bulkheads at ship ends.

     Horizontal protection was distributed on four levels, but actually represented three armored decks, within a citadel rising on one level. The main armored deck within a citadel had thickness of 25mm in a flat part and 76mm on slopes, adjoining to the lower edge of the main armored belt. It fell on one level fore and aft from a citadel  and became flat. Thickness was 25mm fore and 76mm aft. Battery deck, or upper deck within a citadel had thickness 32 - 51mm. This deck fore and aft from a citadel fell on one level, the 32mm plates fastened to the top edge of an armored belt on a waterline. At last, the third level of horizontal Protection placed on a roof of a casemate and was 25mm.

     Underwater protection consist from longitudinal 51mm bulkhead, falling from a break of a main armored deck  up to a double bottom. It reached from fore to aft torpedo rooms. Protection depth was 3.1m.

Modernizations: 1915, Queen Elizabeth: - 4 x 1 - 152/45; + 2 x 1 - 152/45 BL Mk XII (open mounts)

1916, all: + additional 25mm plating over magazines on lower and middle decks levels; - 2 x 1 - 152/45 (in open mounts); + 2 x 1 - 76/45 QF Mk I HA.

1918, all: + flying-off platforms on turrets "B" & "X".

1919 - 1922, all: - flying-off platforms.

late 1926, all: - 4 x 1 - 76/45, + 4 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V HA.

(10/1924 - 4/1926) Warspite; (5/1926 - 1/1928) Queen Elizabeth; (9/1927 - 2/1929) Malaya: + bulges (beam increased up to 31.7m, depth of underwater protection raised up to 6.1m, it could resist exploding of 335kg TNT). Funnels were trunked into one. Full displacement: 35060 - 35710 ts (including 815ts of water protection), speed: 23.5kts.

(3/1929 - 12/1930) Valiant: + bulges (beam increased up to 31.7m, depth of underwater protection raised up to 6.1m, it could resist exploding of 335kg TNT). Funnels were trunked into one; - 2 - 533 TT; + 1 x 8 - 40/39 pompom, 1 catapult E-I-T (1 seaplane). Full displacement was 35060 - 35710 ts (including 815ts of water protection), speed: 23.5kts.

1930 - 1931, Warspite, Queen Elizabeth, Malaya: - 2 - 533 TT.

(12/1930 - 1/1934) Barham: + bulges (beam increased up to 31.7m, depth of underwater Protection raised up to 6.1m, it could resist exploding of 335kg TNT). Thickness of main deck over magazines rose up to 127mm, 152mm casemates closed by 38mm rear bulkheads. Funnels were trunked into one; - 2 - 533 TT; + 2 x 8 - 40/39 pompom, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 1 catapult E-I-T (1 seaplane). Full displacement was 36785ts (including 815ts of water protection), speed: 23kts.

1935, Queen Elizabeth: + 2 x 8 - 40/39 pompom.

1936, Valiant: + 1 x 8 - 40/39 pompom.

(Devonport DYd, 10/1934 - 12/1936) Malaya: Thickness of main deck increased to 89mm over turbines and 127mm over magazines. Old CT replaced by new light one with 127mm maximal armor; - 4 x 1 - 102/45, 2 - 533 TT; + 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI HA, 2 x 8 - 40/39 pompom, 4 x 4 - 12.7/62, 1 catapult D-II-H (2 seaplanes).

(3/1934 - 3/1937) Warspite:

Warspite 1939

Warspite 1942

Name No Reconstructed Yard Fate
Warspite 03 3/1934 - 3/1937 Portsmouth DYd Sold for BU 7/1946

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement full, t

36450 (including 815ts of water Protection)

Length, m

196.8

Breadth, m

31.7

Draught, m

10.1 deep

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 6 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

80000

Max speed, kn

23.5

Fuel, t

3501 oil

Armour, mm

main belt: 330 - 102, upper belt: 152, bulkheads: 152 - 102, turrets: 330 (face) - 280 (side) - 127 (roof), barbettes: 254 - 178 (over main deck) - 152 - 102 (under main deck), casemates: 152 - 51, main deck: 76 (slopes) - 25 (flat) - 127 (over magazines) - 89 (over machinery), upper deck forward of citadel: 79, casemate roof: 25, longitudinal bulkhead: 51, CT: 76 - 51

Armament

4 x 2 - 381/42 BL Mk I (300 elevation), 8 x 1 - 152/45 BL Mk XII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 4 x 8 - 40/39 pompom, 4 x 4 - 12.7/62, 1 catapult D-II-H, 2 seaplanes (Osprey, Seal, Shark, Walrus, Swordfish, Seafox)

Complement

925 - 951

 

 Protection:    The main armored belt in height of 3.96m closed about 90 % of a waterline, not reaching stem 15m approximately, and aft about 4m. From barbette "A" up to barbette "Y" the belt had the greatest thickness. Armored plates were non-uniform on thickness: the width of 330mm part was 2.28m, thickness to the top edge of a plate decreased up to 152mm, and to bottom up to 203mm. Thickness of the main belt decreased up to 152mm fore and is consecutive up to 152 and 102mm aft. Atop of the main belt there was an upper belt with 152mm thickness (also between barbettes "A" and "Y"). Abreast barbettes the main and upper belts closed by 152mm bulkheads, forming a citadel. In extremities the belt on a waterline closed by 102mm bulkheads.

     Horizontal protection was distributed on four levels, but actually represented three armored decks, within a citadel rising on one level. The main armored deck within a citadel had thickness of 89mm in a flat part over boilers and turbines and 127mm over magazines and 76mm on slopes, adjoining to the lower edge of the main armored belt. It fell on one level fore and aft from a citadel  and became flat. Thickness was 76mm fore and aft. Battery deck, or upper deck within a citadel had thickness 32 51mm. This deck fore and aft from a citadel fell on one level, the 32mm plates fastened to the top edge of an armored belt on a waterline. At last, the third level of horizontal Protection protected a roof of a casemate and was 25mm.

   Underwater protection consist from longitudinal 51mm bulkhead, falling from a break of a main armored deck  up to a double bottom. It reached from old fore to aft torpedo rooms. Protection depth including bulges was 6.1m. This Protection could resist exploding of 335kg TNT.

    New CT had 76mm sides.

1938, Barham: - 4 x 1 - 102/45, 2 - 533 TT, + 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI HA.

Barham 1940

(3/1937 - 11/1939), Valiant; (8/1937 - 1/1941) Queen Elizabeth:

  

 

Queen Elizabeth 1941

 

Name

No

Reconstructed

Yard

Fate

Valiant

02

3/1937 - 11/1939

Devonport DYd

sold for BU 3/1948

Queen Elizabeth

00

8/1937 - 12/1940

12/1940 - 1/1941

Portsmouth DYd

Rosyth DYd

sold for BU 3/1948

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement full, t

36513 (including 815ts of water Protection) (Valiant, 1939)

38450 (Queen Elizabeth, 1944)

Length, m

196.8

Breadth, m

31.7

Draught, m

Valiant, 1939: 10.0 deep

Queen Elizabeth, 1944: 10.5 deep

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 8 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

80000

Max speed, kn

23.5

Fuel, t

Valiant: 3393 oil

Queen Elizabeth: 3366 oil

Armour, mm

main belt: 330 - 102, upper belt: 152, bulkheads: 152 - 102, turrets: 330 (face) - 280 (side) - 127 (roof), barbettes: 254 - 178 (over main deck) - 152 - 102 (under main deck), AA guns: 51 - 25, main deck: 76 (slopes) - 25 (flat) - 127 (over magazines) - 63 (over machinery), upper deck forward of citadel: 83 - 70, longitudinal bulkhead: 51, CT: 76 - 51

Armament

4 x 2 - 381/42 BL Mk I (300 elevation), 10 x 2 - 114/45 QF Mk I or QF Mk III, 4 x 8 - 40/39 pompom, 4 x 4 - 12.7/62, 1 catapult D-III-H, 2 seaplanes (Walrus, Swordfish, Seafox)

Sensors

Queen Elizabeth: type 279, 284, 4x 285 radars

Complement

925 - 951

 

 Protection:    The main armored belt in height of 3.96m closed about 90 % of a waterline, not reaching stem 15m approximately, and aft about 4m. From barbette "A" up to barbette "Y" the belt had the greatest thickness. Armored plates were non-uniform on thickness: the width of 330mm part was 2.28m, thickness to the top edge of a plate decreased up to 152mm, and to bottom up to 203mm. Thickness of the main belt decreased up to 152mm fore and is consecutive up to 152 and 102mm aft. Atop of the main belt there was an upper belt with 152mm thickness (also between barbettes "A" and "Y"). Abreast barbettes the main and upper belts closed by 152mm bulkheads, forming a citadel. In extremities the belt on a waterline closed by 102mm bulkheads.

     Horizontal protection was distributed on four levels, but actually represented three armored decks, within a citadel rising on one level. The main armored deck within a citadel had thickness of 89mm in a flat part over boilers and turbines and 127mm over magazines and 76mm on slopes, adjoining to the lower edge of the main armored belt. It fell on one level fore and aft from a citadel  and became flat. Thickness was 76mm fore and aft. Battery deck, or upper deck within a citadel had thickness 32 51mm. This deck fore and aft from a citadel fell on one level, the 32mm plates fastened to the top edge of an armored belt on a waterline. At last, the third level of horizontal Protection protected a roof of a casemate and was 25mm.

     Underwater protection consist from longitudinal 51mm bulkhead, falling from a break of a main armored deck  up to a double bottom. It reached from old fore to aft torpedo rooms. Protection depth including bulges was 6.1m. This Protection could resist exploding of 335kg TNT.

    New CT had 76mm sides.

3/1940, Barham: + 1 x 20 - 178 UP rockets projector.

12/1939, Valiant: + type 279 radar

Early 1941, Barham: - 1 x 20 - 178 UP; + 2 x 8 - 40/39 pompom, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62.

7/1941, Malaya: - 4 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 11 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon, type 281, 2x 282, 284, 2x 285 radars.

9/1941, Malaya: + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon.

12/1941, Warspite: - 4 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 11 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon, type 271, 281, 4x 282, 284, 2x 285 radars

1942, Warspite: - type 271 radar; + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon, type 273 radar

7/1942, Valiant: - type 279 radar; + 10 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon, type 273, 281, 4x 282, 284, 4x 285 radars

11/1942, Malaya: - 1 catapult, 2 seaplanes; + 2 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI HA, 2 x 8 - 40/39 pompom, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon, type 273 radar.

1/1943, Malaya: + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon

4/1943, Valiant: - 1 catapult, 2 seaplanes, 4 x 4 - 12.7/62, type 284 radar; + 6 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon, 15 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon, type 274 radar

6/1943, Warspite: - 1 catapult, 2 seaplanes; + 16 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon

6/1943, Queen Elizabeth: - 4 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon, 14 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon, type 273, 4x 282, 4x 283 radars.

9/1943, Malaya: - 12 x 1 - 152/45 (armour of casemates was removed, gun ports closed by 51mm plates); + 20 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon

9/1943, Queen Elizabeth: - 1 catapult, 2 seaplanes; + 16 x 2 - 20/20 Oerlikon. displacement was 34000/37635t

3/1944, Malaya: - type 273, 281 radars; + 8 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon, type 277SQ, 281B radars, type 650 jammer. displacement was 32980/37710t.

4/1944, Warspite (after she was heavily damaged by FX1400 guided AP bomb 16/9/1943): - 1 x 2 - 381/42, 8 x 1 - 152/45, 2 x 1 - 20/70, type 284 radar; + 1 x 8 - 40/39 pompom, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon, type 274, 283 radars, type 650 jammer; 152mm gun ports closed by 51mm plates. One boiler room was unoperable.

mid-1944, Valiant: + 10 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon, 4x type 283 radars

10/1945, Valiant: - 33 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon; + 16 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors, 2 x 8 - 40/39 pompom, 5 x 4 - 40/39 pompom, 1 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon

4/1946, Valiant: - 4 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors, 3 x 4 - 40/39 pompom, full displacement was 38908 t.

Naval service: Barham was damaged during Jutland battle by 6 heavy shells and repaired one month, also Malaya. Valiant collided with Warspite 24/8/1916 and repaired until September. Warspite was heavily damaged at Jutland suffering at least 15 11`` and 12`` shells, one engine room was flooded, helm jammed, repair was ended late July but she was again damaged 24/8/1916 by colliding with Valiant and repaired until late September.

    Barham 12/12/1939 casually rammed and sunk British destroyer Duchess and 28/12/1939 took a torpedo from German submarine U30 and has failed for 3 months. She was sunk 25/11/1941 in Mediterranean sea by three torpedoes from German submarine U331. Year 1941 also has appeared unsuccessful for the remaining ships, all of them have received damages of various severity level: Malaya was torpedoed 20/3/1941 by German submarine U106, Warspite was 22/5/1941 and 23/6/1941 bombed by German aircraft, Queen Elizabeth and Valiant were badly damaged 19/12/1941 by the mines laid by Italian frogmen. They returned to service late 1941 (Malaya) and early 1942 (Warspite and Valiant). Queen Elizabeth received the heaviest damages and has repaired only early 1943. Warspite  has hard suffered by German FX1400 gliding bomb during landing at Salerno 16/9/1943. After repair almost at once she was again incapacitated, having struck by a mine 13/6/1944. Valiant was damaged 8/8/1944 at accident of floating drydock AFD28 and was under repair till the end of war.

 

 

Malaya 1920

 

 

Valiant 1931

 

 

Warspite 1937

 

 

Queen Elizabeth 1946

 

Custom Search

Ivan Gogin, 2009