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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

CAPITAL SHIPS & MONITORS

ORION battleships

Orion 1912

Conqueror 1918

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Conqueror   Beardmore, Dalmuir 5/4/1910 1/5/1911 11/1912 sold for BU 12/1922
Monarch   Armstrong, Elswick 1/4/1910 30/3/1911 3/1912 stricken 1/1925
Orion   Portsmouth DYd 29/11/1909 20/8/1910 1/1912 sold for BU 12/1922
Thunderer   Thames IW, Leamouth 13/4/1910 1/2/1911 6/1912 sold for BU 12/1926

 

 

  

Displacement normal, t

22200

Displacement full, t

25870

Length, m

177.1

Breadth, m

27.0

Draught, m

7.60

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Parsons steam turbines, 18 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Monarch: Parsons steam turbines, 18 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

27000

Max speed, kn

21

Fuel, t

coal 3300 + oil 800

Armour, mm

belt: 305 - 203, bulkheads: 254 - 76, turrets: 280 (face) - 203 (sides and rear) - 102-76 (roof), barbettes: 254 -178 (over main deck) - 178-76 (under main deck), deck: 102 - 45, CT: 254 (face and sides) - 76 (roof)

Armament

5 x 2 - 343/45 Mk V, 16 x 1 - 102/50 BL Mk VII, 4 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 3 - 533 TT (2 beam, 1 stern)

Complement

752

Ship project history: First British superdreadnoughts with 13.5`` main guns. Very powerful ships for the time, however had an insufficient stability and weak anti-torpedo protection.

Protection: Main belt has 305-mm thickness between barbettes "A" and "Y", 152-102-mm belt extended fwd from barbette "A", ending in 13 m from stem, and aft from barbette "Y", ending in 14 m from stern, armour`s height was 6.25 m at full length. Lower belt with some length as main belt extended between main and middle decks. Its thickness was 229 mm (between barbettes "A" and "Y") - 152 - 102 - 64 mm. Upper belt extended between barbettes "A" and "Y" between main and upper decks. Its thickness was 203 mm. 305-mm main belt closed by fore 152-mm and after 254-mm bulkheads. Upper belt has 203-mm bulkheads. Second fore 102-mm bulkhead was at the end of 102-mm part main belt, its thickness between main and upper decks was 38 mm. End of 64-mm after part of lower belt closed by 64-mm bulkhead. Upper deck between barbettes "A" and "Y" was 38-mm. Main deck was 64-mm between first and second fore bulkheads and first and second aft bulkheads, 25-mm middle deck with 25-mm slopes closed citadel. Lower deck was 102-76 mm aft from barbette "Y" and 64 - 25-mm fwd from barbette "A". Funnel uptakes had 38-25-mm splinter Protection.

Modernizations: 1915, all: reducing of topmasts.

1916, all: + extra armour over magazines.

1917, all: + flying-off platforms (Orion - on "B" & "Q" turrets, Thunderer and Conqueror - on "B" & "X" turrets, Monarch - on "B" turret).

late 1917, Conqueror: + 1 x 1 - 102/50 BL Mk VII AA, 1 x 1 - 76/45 QF Mk I

late 1917, Monarch, Orion, Thunderer: + 1 x 1 - 76/45 QF Mk I.

5/1921, Thunderer: - 8 x 1 - 102/50.

Naval service: Conqueror was seriously damaged bow in collision with Monarch 27/12/1914. Thunderer from 5/1921 served as TS.

 

Orion 1918

 

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Ivan Gogin, 2008-09