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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

CAPITAL SHIPS & MONITORS

LORD NELSON battleships

Lord Nelson 1908

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Lord Nelson   Palmers, Jarrow 18/5/1905 4/9/1906 10/1908 sold 6/1920
Agamemnon   Beardmore, Dalmuir 15/5/1905 23/6/1906 6/1908 target ship 4/1921, sold 1/1927

 

 

Displacement normal, t

Lord Nelson: 16090

Agamemnon: 15925

Displacement full, t

Lord Nelson: 17820

Agamemnon: 17683

Length, m

135.2 oa 125.0 pp

Breadth, m

24.2

Draught, m

7.92

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Lord Nelson: 4-cyl VTE, 15 Babcock boilers

Agamemnon: 4-cyl VTE, 15 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

16750

Max speed, kn

18

Fuel, t

coal 2000 + oil 400

Armour, mm

belt: 305 - 203, upper belt: 203 - 102, citadel: 203, bulkhead: 203, citadel: 203, main turrets: 305, main barbettes: 305, secondary turrets: 203 - 178, deck: 102 - 25, CT: 305

Armament

2 x 2 - 305/45 Mk X, 4 x 2 - 234/50 BL Mk XI, 2 x 1 - 234/50 BL Mk XI, 24 x 1 - 76/50 QF Mk I, 2 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss, 5 - 450 TT (4 beam, 1 bow)

Complement

800

 

Ship project history: Last British classic battleships and second British semi-dreadnoughts with mighty secondary armament, provided under 1904/05 Estimates. 80% of side area was protected by armor. Length of the ships was limited by docking restrictions so beam and draught were increased and squarer hull form amidships was allowed. This form of the hull was very successful, both battleships easily achieved contract 18kts speed, had exceptional manoeuvrability and were good artillery platforms. Main lack of idea of battleship with powerful secondary caliber were problems with fire control: splashes of 12`` and 9.2`` shells were similar.

Protection: The waterline belt extended over the full length of the hull and was 305mm amidships reducing to 229mm and 152mm forward and 102mm aft. The upper belt extended from the stem to the after barbette only, and was 203mm amidships reducing to 152mm and 102mm forward and closed by an 203mm bulkhead at the after end. Between the upper belt and upper deck the bases of the 234mm mountings were protected by a citadel of uniform 203mm armour extending from the forward to the aft barbette. There was a main protective deck over the full length, 25mm on the flat and 51mm on the slope, increasing to 102mm over main magazines forward and aft of the barbettes and 76-51mm over the steering gear. The main deck forward of the citadel was 38mm. The barbettes reduced to 76mm within the citadel and 203-76mm behind the belt. Main gun houses had 203mm walls with a 305mm face; the 234mm gun houses had 178mm walls, an 203mm face and 152mm bases.

Modernizations: 1917, both: height of funnels increased.

Naval service: Agamemnon took part in all bombardments of Turkish fortresses in Dardanelles in spring 1916 and was struck by more than 50 projectiles, including 14`` stone shot.  Agamemnon used as the radio-controlled target-ship from April 1923. In December 1926 she was sold and replaced by former battleship Centurion.

Agamemnon 1908

Agamemnon 1925

 

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Ivan Gogin, 2008-09